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Early River Valley

TermDefinition
Pharaoh The Egyptian leaders or kings that were seen as gods, as splendid and powerful as those in heaven
Delta A marshy region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of a river (such as the Nile's)
Dynasty A series of rulers from a single family
Silt Fine sand or clay carried by running water and deposited as a sediment
Vizier A prime minister in a Muslim kingdom or empire
Mummification A process of embalming and drying corpses in Egypt to prevent them from decay, used to preserve royal and elite Egyptians
Hieroglyphics The form of writing developed by Egyptian scribes, pictures stand for ideas
Papyrus A better surface for writing (hieroglyphics) developed by Egyptians
Ziggurat A tiered, pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a Sumerian temple
Hierarchy A system of organization in which people or groups are ranked above each other
Cuneiform A system of writing with wedge-shaped symbols, invented by the Sumerians around 3000 BC
Barter economy An economy where goods and services are exchanged rather than using money
Civil law Law concerned with civil rights
Polytheism The belief in multiple gods
Hammurabi The leader of the Babylonian empire at its height
Fertile Crescent An arc of land that provides some of the best farming in Southwest Asia
Theocracy A government in which rule is based on religious authority such as in Ancient Egypt
Pyramid The resting place after death for Egyptian pharaohs, immense structures that were started in the Old Kingdom
Monsoon Seasonal winds that dominate India's climate
Mesopotamia An early river valley civilization
Cultural diffusion The spreading of ideas and such throughout cultures
Subcontinent A large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent (sometimes used to describe India)
Loess Silt/fertile soil that is yellowish and deposited when rivers overflow and it is also blown by winds from deserts
Oracle bone Animal bones and tortoise shells that priests scratched questions for gods on
Mandate of Heaven A divine approval from heaven for judge rulers/dynasties
Dynastic cycle How historians describe the rise/decline and replacement of dynasties
Created by: reganlavin