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Chap 18 cont 9

administering IV medications in large animals

The most common site for IV administration in equine patients is the jugular vein
What area on the neck is best used for IV administration in horses the most cranial half of the neck on the right side (away from where the esophagus is) so that the muscle layer protects the underlying caroid artery from potential puncture
IV venipuncture is acheieved by inserting the needle only once blood drips attach the syringe for sample collection
how do you know if you are in the vein or artery arterial blood will forcibly pulse out of the hub of the needle and tends to be bright red. whereas venous blood will steadily drip and tends to be darker red
why is it important to make sure the needle is in the vein and not the artery because if the medication is given into the artery goes directly to the brain and can result in violent reaction and even death
complications associated with IV administration of medications include anaphylactic reaction, sweating, hives, anxiety, agitation, difficulty breathing and collapse
when large amounts of medications need to be administered what is the best route IV catheterization in the jugular vein, cephalic vein and the latera throacic vein
what type of catheters can be maintained in veins for longer periods and are less thrombogenic polyurethane and Silastic catheters
Jugular catheters should be inserted in what direction toward the heart, the direction of blood flow
before administering any medications via the jugular catheter the injection port should be wipped with alcohol to prevent bacterial contamination
what size and type catheter should be used for large animals 14-16 ga usually 3.25 inches OTN, or guide wire-type catheters
If using a guide wire type catheter what is the most important rule NEVER let go of the guide wire until the catheter has been sucessfully placed and the guide wire fully removed
the most important thing in placing IV in bovine is proper restraint
for smaller volumes of non-irritating medications which vein can be used in bovine coccygeal vein, used mainly in dairy cows which are the most tolerant
which vein should never be used for IV injection the subcutaneous abdominal vein
this vein is not typically used for IV injections but can be used for IV injections of small amounts of medications auricular vein, the ear vein
what size IV catheter is used in adult cattle 12-16 ga 5.75 inch
what are the materials needed for IV catheterization catheter, flush, T-port, razor, clippers, scrub , suture, sterile gloves, bandage material
ovine and caprine best injection spot for IV meds is goat and sheep, the jugular vein 20-22 ga 1 inch
IV administration in porcine (pigs) is best done at the for adult pigs auricular veins located on the dorsal aspect of the pinna. for babies the jugular vein is the best option
which type of catheter is used in porcine 19 - 21 ga butterfly or an 18 ga OTN
complications from IV catheterization include phlebitis, thrombophlebitis and local cellulitis, speticemia
the technician should be on the lookout for what types of clues swelling, heat, pus, a thick corded feel to the vein or the appearance of fluid from the catheter site
Created by: tnewhouse