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Chap 18 cont 8

Medicating large animals

The simplest way to administer oral medications to all large animals is to place them in food or water
oral medications are administered by a variety of methods when not put in food these include syringes, drenching, balling guns, and nasogastric and orogastric intubation
syringe medicating involves placing the syringe into the mouth at the commissure of the lips near the interdental space between the cheeks and teeth and advance as far back as possible and lifting the head slightly
PPE for administering syringe medications to large animals orally is mask, safety glasses, mask, safety glasses, gloves, 60 ml syringe, and a palatable substance ex. karo syrup, maple syrup
true or false Mineral oil should never be given via a drench, inhalation of mineral oil can be fatal True
If large amounts of medications or fluids need to be given what type of administration should be used nasogastric intubation
once the tube is passed into the esophagus via the nostral the tube should be checked for placement by checking the premeasured mark, most patients will cough if the tube is in the trachea, visulization, blowing air in the tube and listening for gurgles
After medication is put into the tube it should be flushed with water to confirm all medication reached the rumen or the stomach
removal of the tube can have complications to include nosebleed or aspiration of any residual fluid or medication
NGT are used in horses to relieve gastric distention and/or gastric lavage
because of small nasal passages in some animals this type of tube is used orogastric tube, which is a tube placed in the stomach via the mouth
When removing the tube it is important to occlude the end of the tube and kinking it preventing any residual fluid from entering the trachea when the tube is removed from the patient
Created by: tnewhouse