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MCC WHis Final Dange

MCC W. His Final Dangel

QuestionAnswer
Lead Mexican forces north into Mexican owned Texas to stop a rebellion of white settlers and lost the battle of San Jacinto, was defeated- also involved in fight at ALAMO Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Theory of evolution, survival of the fittest, all forms of life including humans evolved from earlier living forms of life Charles Darwin
Formed the most militant organization for women in Britain call the women's Social & Political Union (WSPU) Emmeline Pankhurst
Creator of the Periodic Table a chart on which all known elements are arranged in order of weight, lightest to heaviest Dmitri Mendeleev
Leader of Zioism (a religion) Theodor Herzl
Father of nuclear physics Ernest Rutherford
Pogroms Organized campaigns of violence against Jews
Psychology Study of the human mind & behavior
Parliament British system of grovern-unicameral-consists of the House of Lords and House of Commons
Zionism Movement in 1890"s promoting Jewish self-determination and establishment of a Jewish State in ancient Jewish homeland in Palestine
Galapagos Islands Location where Darwin witnessed the Theory of Evolution-survival of the fittest
Henry Ford Used assembly line and interchangeable parts to build cars most people could afford
Alexander G. Bell Inventor of Telephone
Ivan Pavlov Known for his work with classical conditioning with dogs-a hungry dog trained to associate the sound of a bell with food salivated at the sound even in the absence of food
Guglielmo Marconi Created First Radio
Thomas Edison Inventor of light bulb, and phonograph
Nikola Tesla Best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current electricity supply system
Sigmund Freud father of psychoanalysis-stated suppressed memories, desires, and impulses shape human behavior
Anti-semitism Prejudice, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews
Suffrage Right to vote
Dreyfus Affair Controversy in France over the false arrest and imprisonment of Jewish Army officer, Captain Alfred Dreyfus, for supposedly selling military secrets to Germany
Evolution Darwin's theory-survival of the fittest
House of Lords - British Parliament Members either inherited their ser or were appointed
Manifest Destiny The US has the right & duty to rule North America from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
House of Commons - British Parliament Elected by 5% of the population consisting of men who owned substantial amounts of land
Self Determination Allowing people to decide for themselves under what government they wished to live
Militarism Glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war
Schlieffen Plan WWI German battle plan called for defeating French in West then rushing East to fight Russian
Armistice Agreement to stop fighting-WWI ended Nov. 11, 1918
Propaganda One sised information designed to persuade people to keep up maral and support for the war
U-Boats Submarines
Nationalism Loyality to one's country and the belief that one's country is better and more important that other countries
No Mans Land Area of land between the trenches of battling troops
Black Hand Secret military society, a member of this group assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo starting WWI
Versailles Treaty between Germany and Allied powers on June 28,1919, created the League of Nations,punished Germany by making Germany pay reparations to the Allies
Belgium Country Hitler marched through to avoid the Maginot Line in France to circle behind allied troops and attack
Treaty signed between new Bolshevik leader Lenin of Russia and Germany ending the war between them on March 3, 1918 Brest-Litovsk
An event that sparked the outbreak of World War I, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, is shot to death along with his wife by a Serbian nationalist in on June 28, 1914. Sarajevo, Bosnia
Italian leader during WWI - "Big 4" member Vittorio Orlando
"Red Baron", a German fighter pilot with the Imperial German Army Air Service during World War I, considered the top ace of the war, officially credited with 80 air combat victories. Manfred van Richtofen
US Pres. during WWI-"Big 4" member - Had the fourteen point plan that included the League of Nations that he hoped would be adopted at the end of WWI in a treaty with Germany Woodrow Wilson
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWI-"Big 4" member David Lloyd George
America's most successful fighter Ace of WWI Eddie Richenbacker
French President during WWI-"Big 4" member George Clemenceau
German Nazi leader during WWI and WWII Adolf Hitler
Longest reigning Japanese monarch-in control of Japan during WWII Hirohito
Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini
Prime Minister of Japan when attack on Pearl Harbor took place Hediki Tojo
"My Struggles" book written by Hitler while in jail outlining his plans for Germany Mein Kampf
Country invaded by Japanese for its natural resources much needed to rebuilt supplies during WWII Manchuria
"Living Space"- refers to territory east of Germany that Hitler wanted to take and make it part of Germany Lebensraum
Fascist policies of the National Socialist German Workers' party, based on totalitarianism, a belief in racial superiority and state control of industry Nazism
The land in the northern, southwest, and western areas of Czechoslovakia which were inhabited mostly by German speakers Sudentenland
Land invaded by Germany bringing Britian and France into WWII Poland
First pilot to make the journey from New York to Paris without stopping, nickname "Lucky Lindy", his airplane "Spirit of St. Louis" Charles Lindbergh
German physicist most famous for his Special and General Theories of Relativity, hated war and wrote letter warning Pres. Franklin D Roosevelt that the Germany may make an atomic bomb before the US and would be happy to use it Albert Einstein
Lightning War-German strategy-come in fast with tank and planes, hit hard, and leave fast Blitzkrieg
evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was Large evacuation of 300,000 Allied soldiers in 800 boats from the beaches and harbors of Dunkirk, France, between 27 May and 4 June 1940 Dunkirk
Area of northern and western France occupied by Germany by 1940 Occupied France
City where the government of Free France - the southern and eastern part of France - was located until 1942, when Germans took it over Vichy France
Eastern and southern France still controlled by the French government Free France
Leader of Free French forces Charles de Gaulle
Prime Minister of England WWII-coined phrase "Iron Curtain" Winston Churchill
"Operation Sea Lion"- large attack of Great Britain fought exclusively by German Air Force Battle of Britian
German tank commander, fought Allies in North Africa Erwin Rommel
Aug. 14, 1941, agreement outlining strategies of WWII between US Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill Atlantic Charter
Program under which the United States supplied Great Britain, the USSR, Free France, the Republic of China, and other Allied nations with materiel between 1941 and August 1945 Lend-Lease Act
US military base in Hawaii bombed by Japanese on Dec. 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor
Commander in Chief of the Japanese fleet during the first half of WWII Isoroku Yamamato
Turning point of WWII in Pacific-three Japanese aircraft carrier sunk and most of the best Japanese pilots dead Battle of Midway
Commander of US Forces in Far East in WWII Douglas MacArthur
WWII strategy to bypass heavily fortified Japanese islands and instead concentrate the limited Allied resources on strategically important islands that were not well defended but capable of supporting the drive to the main islands of Japan. Contents Island Hopping
Systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazis Holocaust
Caucasian, blue eyed, blond haired people Hitler thought was the perfect race that should occupy Germany Aryans
"Night of Broken Glass", nights that Jews were killed and their property destroyed in German occupied territories, Nov 9-10, 1938 Kristalinacht
Systematic killing of an entire race of people Genocide
Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe during WWII Dwight Eisenhower
Invasion of Normandy Beach in France-D-Day Operation Overlord
Last major German offensive against American forces in Europe-Largest and bloodiest battle fought by US forces in WWII Battle of the Bulge
Japanese suicide pilots Kamikazes
Location of the raising of the American flag during the Battle of Iwo Jima Mt. Surbachi
"Operation Iceberg", largest amphibious battle in WWII, last island taken in island hopping strategy to get close enough to Japan to strike Okinawa
Destroyed by the dropping of first atomic bomb in WWII Hiroshima
Destroyed by the dropping of the second atomic bomb three days after the dropping of the first bomb-then Japan surrendered Nagasaki
Alliances
British passenger ship sunk by German U-Boat on May 7, 1915 Lusitania
Imperialism
Countries devoted all their resources to the war effort Total War
Wilhelm II
Ruthless leader of Bosheviks in Russia who became the leader of Russia Vladimir Lenin
Bosnian Serb who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie,in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914 igniting WWI Gavrillo Princip
Archduke of Austria who was assassinated thus igniting WWI Franz Ferdinand
Declining to enter into alliances, foreign economic commitments, international agreements, and devote the entire efforts of one's country to its own advancement and remain at peace by avoiding foreign entanglements and responsibilities. Isolationism
People are completely controlled by the government and are not allowed to disagree with the government Fascism
Money that a country or group that loses a war pays because of the damage, injury, deaths, etc. Reparations
First of the aggressive military actions of Nazi Germany ,on 7 March 1936, in violation of the Treaty of Versailles, German troops marched in and took over, land North East of Germany Rhineland
Making concessions to an enemy power in order to avoid conflict Appeasement
British Prime Minister, who at the beginning of WWII, allowed Hitler to take areas in Czechoslovakia in hopes that Germany would not pull Europe into another war Neville Chamberlain
US President at beginning of WWII Franklin D. Roosevelt
WWI Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary
WWI Allied Powers Great Britain, France, Russia
U.S. ship where Japan officially surrendered to the Allies ending WWII USS Missouri
Created by: sudokken