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Chapter 18

Diagnostic Sampling and Therapeutic Techniques Terms

Abdominocentesis Sampling of free fluid within the peritoneal space
Anorexia Loss of appetite or absence of food, especially when prolonged
Arthrocentesis Aspiration of fluid from a joint
Coupage The act of striking the chest wall rhythmically with cupped hands to dislodge mucus
Cystocentesis Method of obtaining a urine sample by inserting a needle through the abdominal wall and into the urinary bladder and withdrawing urine from the bladder into a syringe
Diagnostic peritoneal lavage Insertion of fluid into the peritoneal cavity, fluid is allowed to dwell for a short time and then is drained
Extravasation Leakage of something out of its container or normal location, such as a drug out of a vein
Foley catheter Catheter threaded through the urethra to the bladder, where it is held in place with a tiny inflated balloon
Hematoma Blood clot
Hemolysis Destruction of red blood cells with liberation of hemoglobin
Inflammation Response of body tissues to injury or irritation, characterized by pain, swelling, redness and heat
Intraosseous Administration of a drug or fluid into the bone
Leukocytosis Condition characterized by an abnormally high total number of circulating leukocytes
Neutropenia Abnormal decrease in the number of neutrophils in the blood
Osmolality Concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in osmoles or milliosmoles per kilogram
Pancytopenis A decrease to below normal in the concentration of the three major blood cell types: RBC, WBC,and platelets
Percutaneous Term that refers to something passing through the skin
Phlebitis Inflammation of a vein
Pleural effusion Fluid buildup in the space surrounding the lungs within the thorax
Pneumothorax Abnormal accumulation of air in the space between the rib cage and the lung. Compressing the lung resulting in respiratory distress
Polymerase chain reaction An in vitro technique that is used to rapidly synthesize large quantities of a given DNA segment. 1.separating the DNA strands 2.binding a primer to each strand 3.using DNA polymerase to synthesize two stranded DNA from each single strand and so on and so
Rumen The first chamber of the ruminant digestive tract, used for storage of ingested food and initial digestion of protein and simple carbs
Thoracocentesis A procedure in which air or fluid is removed from the chest using a syringe and needle aseptically
Thrombocytopenia Occurs as a decrease in the number of platelets in the blood
Thrombophlebitis Inflammation of the vein associated with a thrombus
Thrombosis Clotting of blood within a vessel that results in obstruction of blood flow
Vasodilatation Dilatation of the blood vessels; the opposite of vasoconstriction
Created by: tnewhouse