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Nervous System Terminology

peri- around
acous/o hearing
A&P auscultation and percussion
a-, an- without, not
AC air conduction
Acc accommodation
-acusis hearing
ADLs activities of daily living
af- toward
against, opposite contra-
agora- marketplace
-al pertaining to
-algesia, -algia pain
ambly/o dull, dim
AOM acute otitis media
aque/o water
ARMD, AMD age related macular degeneration
-ary pertaining to
AS aortic stenosis, left ear
Ast astigmatism
-asthenia weakness, debility
astr/o star
AU both ears
audi/o, audit/o hearing
aur/o, auricul/o ear
bad; painful; difficult dys-
BC bone conduction
bi- two
blephar/o eyelid
brady- slow
cata- down
-cele hernia, swelling
cephal/o, -ceps head
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
choroid/o choroid
chrom/o, chromat/o colour
CK creatine kinase, conductive keratoplasty
clon/o clonus (turmoil)
cochle/o cochlea
conjuctiv/o conjuctiva
contra- against, opposite
cor/o, core/o pupil
corne/o cornea
cortic/o cortex
crani/o cranium (skull)
CT computed tomography
-cusia, -cusis hearing
cycl/o ciliary body of eye; circular; cycle
D diopter (lens strength)
dacry/o tear; lacrimal apparatus
dacryocyst/o lacrimal sac
de- cessation
dendr/o tree
di-, dipl-, dipl/o double
dur/o duramater; hard
Dx diagnosis
-dynia pain
dys- bad, painful, difficult
ear aur/o
ec- out, out from
ECCE extrascapular cataract extraction
-ectomy excison, removal
EEG electroencephalography
ef- away from
Em emmetropia
EMG electromyography
encephal/o brain
ENT ears, nose, and throat
EOM extraocular movement
erythr/o red
eso- inward
esthes/o, -esthesia feeling
exo- outside, outward
-ferent to carry
FH family history
fluor/o luminous, fluorescence
gangli/o ganglion (knot like mass)
glauc/o gray
gli/o, -glia glue - neuroglial tissue
goni/o angle
-graphy process of recording
hallucin/o hallucination
hedon/o pleasure
hemi- one half
hetero- different
hydr/o water
hyper- excessive, above normal
hypn/o sleep
hypo- under, below, deficient
-ia condition
-ic pertaining to
intra- in, within
IOL intraocular
-ion the act of
IOP intraocular pressure
irid/o iris
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
kerat/o horny tissue; hard; cornea
kinesi/o, -kinesia movement
klept/o to steal
labyrinth/o labrynth, inner ear
lacrim/o tear; lacrimal apparatus (duct, gland, or sac)
-lalia speech, babble
later/o side, to one side
-lepsy seizure
lept/o thin, slender
lex/o word, phrase
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
lt left
-lucent to shine; clear
-lysis separation; destruction; loosening
-malacia softening
-mania state of mental disorder, frenzy
mastoid/o mastoid process
medull/o medulla
MEG magnetoencephalography
mening/o, meningi/o meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
ment/o mind
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry act of measuring
MRA magnetic resonance angiogram
my/o muscle
myc/o fungas
mydr/o widen, enlarge
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
myring/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
narc/o stupor; numbness; sleep
neur/o nerve
NIHL noise-induced hearing loss
noct/o, nyctal/o night
Created by: shann77