Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

2nd Semester Final

2nd Semester Final Exam

Monsoon seasonal winds that bring rain in the summer and dry air in the winter
Caste System a strict system of social classes tied to Hinduism
Nirvana enlightenment; everlasting peace in Buddhism
Reincarnation when a soul is reborn into another body after a person dies; part of Hinduism and Buddhism
Karma based upon your actions; influences reincarnation; good deeds build good karma, bad deeds build bad karma
Eightfold Path the way to achieve Nirvana in Buddhism
Archipelago a chain of islands
Kami spirits in Shinto
Siddhartha Gautama founder of Buddhism; became Buddha
Muhammad founder of Islam
Confucius Chinese philosophy whose teachings became the basis for education and government in China
Where does the Indus River flow and what is its source? The Indus River begins in the Himalaya Mountains and flows through Pakistan.
Where is Mount Everest located? Himalaya Mountains
What is the purpose of the 3 Gorges Dam? To create hydroelectricity for China
Where do most Chinese live? North China Plain and near rivers and coasts
What is the Asian Brown Cloud and what problems does it cause? A brown haze of air pollution over many major cities in Asia; lung disease, alters monsoon patterns, decreases photosynthesis
What is causing the pollution in the Ganges River? Sewage, cremated bodies, dead animals, fertilizers, industrial waste
What is India’s main environmental concern? Overpopulation
What are the main beliefs of Islam? Monotheistic, 5 Pillars of Islam, belief that there is only 1 God (Allah) and Muhammad is His prophet
Who began Islam? Muhammad
What is the sacred text of Islam? Qur’an
Where is Islam mainly practiced? Southwest Asia, Pakistan, Indonesia (worldwide)
What are the main beliefs of Hinduism? Caste system, reincarnation based upon karma, monotheistic (many manifestations: Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma)
How did Hinduism begin? developed over time in India
What is the sacred text of Hinduism? Upanishads and Vedas
Where is Hinduism mainly practiced? Main religion in India, but found worldwide
What are the main beliefs of Buddhism? 4 Noble Truths, human suffering is caused by greed, follow the Eightfold Path to reach nirvana, Buddha is seen as a leader/teacher (not a god), reincarnation
How did Buddhism begin? Siddhartha Gautama
What is the sacred text of Buddhism? Triptika
Where is Buddhism mainly practiced? Asia (but found worldwide)
What are the main beliefs of Shinto? The idea that kami (spirits) are in everything
How did Shinto begin? ancient Japanese religion
What is the sacred text of Shinto? no sacred text
Where is Shinto mainly practiced? Japan
What are the main ideas of Confucianism? Philosophy about government and education, Golden Rule
What is the text of Confucianism? Analects
Where is Confucianism mainly followed? China and Asia
Why is Confucianism not considered a religion? Confucianism are guidelines for government and education, not a system of beliefs
What is the climate and geography of Asia like? Very diverse – mountains, deserts, plains
What is China’s main environmental concern? Air pollution
Which river in China is known as “China’s Sorrow” and why? Huang He because of disastrous flooding
Why is air pollution a growing problem in India? Rapid industrialization and growing population
Why is the Yangtze River important to the people of China? Provides a source of drinking water, irrigation, and transportation
Where do most people live in China? North China Plain and near rivers and coasts
How have the Himalayas impacted northern India’s development? Himalayas protected India from invaders
How do the Japanese feed their people with so little good farmland? Fishing and importing food
How has the geography of Asia affected where people live and the way in which they live? People in Asia tend to live where transportation is easier, like near rivers or oceans. Areas with fertile land, like the North China Plain and Indus River Valley, are heavily populated. People do not live in deserts, like the Gobi, or mountain.
Compare and contrast Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism and Buddhism both believe in reincarnation and that eventually the soul will be reunited with a universal spirit. Hinduism does not have a specific founder and the caste system. Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama.
Nationalism love for one’s country; often leads to independence movements
Colonialism when one country takes over another country
Civil disobedience a nonviolent way to protest government laws
Red Guards teenaged enforcers of the Cultural Revolution
Great Leap Forward Mao’s attempt to make China more competitive with western industry and agricultural production; massive failure
Cultural Revolution Mao’s attempt to revitalize communism in China by using the Red Guards to eliminate anyone that opposed communism; time of great chaos
Domino Theory the theory that if one country fell to communism, other countries nearby would also fall to communism
Communism government in which the government provides jobs, heath care, and housing; everyone is equal
DMZ the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Korea; along the 38th parallel
Mohandas Gandhi nonviolent leader of Indian Independence movement
Ho Chi Minh leader of Vietnam’s independence movement; leader of communists in Vietnam
Douglas MacArthur US General in charge of rebuilding Japan after WWII
Mao Zedong leader who brought communism to China
Which country colonized India? Great Britain
How did Gandhi lead the independence movement in India? Be able to list at least three specific examples of Gandhi’s protests. Nonviolent protests (civil disobedience); Salt March, boycotts, made own clothing, fasting
Why was India partitioned following independence? Religious conflict between Hindus and Muslims
Which country colonized Vietnam? France
Which modern-day countries were part of French Indochina? Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam
On which 2 Japanese cities did the US drop atomic bombs during WWII? Hiroshima and Nagasaki
What were some of the changes that were included in Japan’s new constitution? Citizens could vote; Japan had to have a small army; Japan could not start another war; emperor lost his power
What type of government does Japan have now? Constitutional monarchy
What were students protesting for at Tiananmen Square in 1989? How did the government respond? Students wanted democracy in China; the government sent soldiers and tanks to arrest/kill the protestors
What happened in China after WWII? Civil War between nationalists and communists (communists won)
Why did the Korean War begin? How did it end? North Korea invaded South Korea; ceasefire ended the fighting, but a treaty was never signed; North and South Korea remain divided
Why did the Vietnam War begin? How did it end? North Vietnam invaded South Vietnam; Vietnam was reunited under communist rule
How was the United States involved in rebuilding Japan after WWII? Be able to list at least 4 examples. Citizens could vote; Japan had to have a small army; Japan could not start another war; emperor lost his power; the Us helped rebuild roads and infrastructure
How does the literacy rate impact the economy of a country? The higher the literacy rate, the more successful the economy
Why do countries need an exchange rate? In order to trade
What do the governments of China, India, and Japan all have in common? 3 branches of government; supreme court; citizens get to vote (for something)
Describe China’s government and economy. Communist controlled by the CCP (oligarchy); HOG is premier; since Mao Zedong’s death, the economy has moved from command towards market (mixed towards market)
Describe India’s government and economy. Federal republic with a parliamentary democracy; prime minister is HOG; mixed market economy
Describe Japan’s government and economy. Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy; prime minister is HOG; emperor is HOS; mixed market economy
What type of economy does North Korea have? command
What political party controls China? Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
Why is North Korea poorer than most countries even though it has a wealth of natural resources? North Korea spends most of its money on the military and their technology is out of date
What is Japan’s parliament called? Diet
Why do the individual voters have more power in a democracy than they do in an autocracy or an oligarchy? Citizens get to vote for leaders in a democracy
Why do most economies operate somewhere between a market economy and a command economy? Countries have found that they are more successful if there is a combination of private ownership and government control
How has Japan made up for its lack of natural resources? Import raw materials and exports technology
Why does economic specialization make trade between countries easier? Countries are able to produce goods that they can trade for things that they need but do not produce
How do factors of growth impact the GDP of a country? The more a country invests in the factors of growth, the more the GDP will grow
What branch of government is responsible for making laws in a parliamentary system of government? legislative
Unitary the central government has all power
Federal national, regional, and local governments share power
Confederation independent countries agree to work together for a common purpose
Autocracy one person has total control of a country
Oligarchy a small group rules
Democracy citizens get to vote
Parliamentary Democracy democracy in which citizens elect people to parliament and members of parliament choose the prime minister (HOG)
Presidential Democracy democracy in which citizens elect the president (HOG and HOS)
Tariff a tax on imports
Embargo a halt to trade
Quota a limit on imports
Trade surplus when a country exports more than it imports (Japan)
Specialization when a country produces only the goods it can make easily and trade for what they need but do not produce
GDP Gross Domestic Product; the total value of all goods and services produced in a year in one country
Human Capital the value of a person’s skills and education
Entrepreneur a person who takes a risk to start a new business
Capital Goods goods used to make other goods
Natural Resources gifts of the earth
Market economy an economy in which supply and demand answer the three basic economic questions
Command economy an economy in which the government determines the answers to the 3 basic economic questions
Mixed economy an economy that has both command and market economy elements
What do the governments of India and China have in common? Citizens 18 and older can vote; the Head of State is a president
What do the governments of India and Japan have in common? Head of government is prime minister; parliamentary democracy; citizens have many freedoms; bicameral parliament
What do the governments of China and Japan have in common? Unitary
Who is the HOG in China? premier
Who is the HOG of India? prime minister
Who is the HOG of Japan? prime minister
Who controls the oligarchy in China? CCP
What do parliamentary and presidential democracies have in common? both democracies so citizens get to vote
What differences do parliamentary and presidential democracies have? In parliamentary, citizens elect members to parliament and the members of parliament elect the prime minister; In presidential, citizens elect the president
Place China, North Korea, India, and Japan on the economic continuum. North Korea, China, India, then Japan
Created by: MsBentley