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Ch 5. Anatomy

The composition of bones consists of _ mineral matter and _ organic matter 2/3 , 1/3
the bony cage composed of the spine, sternum and twelve ribs is called the: thorax
the cardiovascular or blood vascular system includes the heart, arteries, veins and: capillaries
how much blood is found in the average adult 8-10 pints
tubular, elastic, think-walled branching vessels that carry impure blood from the capillaries to the heart are called: veins
which portion of the brain is responsible for thought,emotion and memory: cerebrum
what system is responsible for all involuntary body function, such as breathing and digesting Autonomic nervous system
what is the delivers air directly to the lungs bronchi
the study of the organs and systems of the body is called: anatomy
what are the basic units of life cells
Cells vary in size, shape, structure and : function
what is the control center of the cell's activities nucleus
the process by which cells reproduce, dividing in half, is called: mitosis
A body's metabolic rate or speed is dependent upon exercise, eating habits, hereditary factors
the process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones is called: anabolism
which type of tissue covers and protects body surfaces and internal organs? epithelial tissue
what is the body's largest organ? skin
A group of body structures and/or organs that performs one or more vital functions is known as a(n): system
what is the encloses and protects the brain and primary sensory organs? the skull
how many bones make up the cranium? 8
of the fourteen bones that make up the facial skeleton, how many are involved in facial massage? 9
the larges bone of the facial skeleton is the lower jaw, known as the mandible
the U-shaped bone located in the throat, sometimes called the "Adam's apple" is the: hyoid
the bone that forms the area from the throat to the shoulder is known as the collarbone or: clavicle
The upper chest area is known as the : decollete
what is the largest bone of the upper arm? humerus
the fourteen bones that from the digits, or fingers, are called; phalanges
which of the following is the study of the structure, function and diseases of the muscles? myology
what type of muscle tissue responds automatically to control various body functions, including the functions of internal organs? involuntary or non-striated
which part of a muscle is non-moving (fixed) and attached to bones or other non moving muscles? origin
the midsection of the muscle is called the: belly
the term meaning "in front of" is anterior
what terms is defined as "located below or is smaller" inferioris
Muscles are attached at both ends by either bone or another muscle
what is the name for the bands of fibrous tissue that attach muscle to bones tendons
dense, strong bands of fibrous tissue that connect bones to each other are called: ligaments
what is the broad muscle that covers the scalp? epicranius
what is the function of lymph? filters the blood by removing toxins
Red blood cells are also called erythrocytes
what is carried by the red blood cells? oxygen and hemoglobin
what are responsible for the clotting of blood? thrombocytes
Tubular, elastic, thick-walled branching vessels that carry pure blood throughout the body are called: arteries
what is responsible for all voluntary body action? central nervous system
the structures that receive the massages sent to the nerve cell are called dendrites
what controls all three subsystems of the nervous system brain
the portion of the brain that is responsible for motor function, muscle movement and balance is the cerebellum
which type of nerve determines our senses of smell,sight,touch,hearing and taste? sensory nerves
how many pairs of nerves originate is the brain? 12
what continues to break down food once it has entered the stomach? hydrochloric acid
where does the undigested food pass for eventual elimination? colon
what is the function of the excretory system? eliminates solid,liquid and gaseous waste from the body
the liver converts and neutralizes ammonia to: urea
what are the primary function of the respiratory system? inhalation and exhalation
the muscular organ that contracts and expands, forcing air into and out of the lungs is called the: diaphragm
what is the conducting pathway through which air flows? trachea
chemical substances manufactured by the glands of the endocrine system are called: hormones
which system is responsible for the process by which a living organism procreates? reproductive system
what are the two primary glands of the integumentary system? sebaceous and sudoriferous
Created by: quinny40
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