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Pharm Lesson 16

The following are activities related to the key terms for the chapter.

QuestionAnswer
Absence epilepsy Absence of convulsions characterized by a sudden 10–30 second loss of consciousness with no falling; formerly called petit mal
Alzheimer’s disease Dementia characterized by a devastating, progressive decline in cognitive function, followed by increasingly severe impairment in social and occupational functioning
Anticholinergics Drugs that block the action of the parasympathetic nervous system
Anticonvulsants Medication used to reduce the number and/or severity of seizures in patients with epilepsy
Antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy Medical therapy aimed at treating and/or reducing seizure activity
Antiparkinsonian drugs Medications used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease to relieve symptoms and maintain mobility, but do not cure the disease
Drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP) The inducement of Parkinson-like symptoms due to drug administration
Epilepsy A recurrent paroxysmal disorder of brain function characterized by sudden attacks of altered consciousness, motor activity, or sensory impairment
Febrile seizures Seizures associated with high temperatures
Mixed seizure Having more than one type of seizure
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome Characterized by delirium, rigid muscles, fever and autonomic nervous system instability
Parkinson’s disease A chronic neurological disorder characterized by fine, slowly spreading muscle tremors, rigidity and weakness of muscles, and shuffling gait
Partial seizures Also known as temporal lobe seizures - The onset is limited to one cerebral hemisphere and involves no loss of consciousness
Psychomotor epilepsy Also known as temporal lobe epilepsy because of the area in the brain that is involved; characterized by temporary impairment of consciousness, confusion, loss of judgment, and abnormal acts, even crimes and hallucinations, but no convulsions
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) A condition marked by an intolerable creeping sensation or itching in the lower extremities causing almost irresistible urge to move the legs
Status epilepticus Continual attacks of convulsive seizures without intervals of consciousness
Temporal lobe seizures Also known as psychomotor epilepsy because of the area in the brain that is involved; characterized by temporary impairment of consciousness, confusion, loss of judgment, and abnormal acts, even crimes and hallucinations, but no convulsions
Tonic-clonic Seizures characterized by an abrupt loss of consciousness and falling with tonic extension of trunk and extremities
Unilateral seizures Affect only one side of the body
Created by: jillcyr