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World Studies Ch. 19

What were some governmental changes in Czechoslovakia? Massive protest movement leads to communist leader Milos Jakes to resign in favor of freely elected dissident Vaclev Havel.
Military government involving the suspension of ordinary law Martial law
A period of temporary economic decline recession
The principal policy making committee of a Communist Party Politburo
The degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community standard of living
Chinese political leader who was twice purged from the Communist party Deng Xiaoping
people who oppose an official policy dissidents
Governmental changes in Germany Right to travel freely causes citizens of Berlin to tear down the Berlin Wall and leads to resignation of communist government
What basic practices were needed for democracies to work? free elections, citizen participation, majority rule/minority rights and a constitutional government
Why is democracy always a work in progress? Democracies have the ability to change or modify their laws and leaders, making them better meet the needs of the people. (Amendment process in the U.S. Constitution)
Governmental changes in Poland solidarity candidates are voted into office removing the communist dictator
Who engaged in ethnic cleansing? Bosnian Serbs attempted to eliminate the Bosnia Muslims over issues of Bosnia Independence
What happened at Tiananmen Square and why did this occur? a pro democracy student rally was put down by force by the communist government of China which fired at student demonstrators and cleared the square
How did the relationship between China and the U.S. improve? They began improving in the 1970s under Richard Nixon's policy of d├ętente. (U.S. ping pong team was first to visit leading up to Nixo visiting PRC himself o an official visit
What was Yeltsin's program of shock therapy? an abrupt shift to free market policies in Russia
How was the Kosovo independence movement resolved? NATO forces conducted bombing raids to force Yugoslavian forces out of the region
What were the 4 modernizations in China? agriculture, industry, defense, science/technology
What people and groups opposed the Apartheid? ANC, Desmond Tutu, United States and Great Britain (economic boycott)
the policy of dividing land amongst the peasants that once belonged to wealthy landlords in Brazil land reform
What was the PRI in Mexico and when were they eventually defeated? Institutional Revolutionary Party and they dominated politics in Mexico for approximately 40 years; they were not defeated until 1997 with the election of Vicente Fox
type of economy that is run by people (citizens) market economy
What were the 3 major Gorbachev reforms? Glasnost, Perestroika and Democratization
South African leader who was a former leader of the ANC who was imprisoned for over 20 years and later was elected as 1st freely elected President of South Africa Nelson Mandela
Why did Nigeria adopt a federal system? to help create a fair system for the three major ethnic groups in their country
introduction of limited free market policies Perestroika
type of economy that is ran my the government command economy
South African leader who began the process of removing Apartheid laws F.W. De Klerk
Created by: emmaschlags