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Chapter 26

TermDefinition
Triple Alliance an alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the late 1800s
Triple Entente an alliance between France, Russia, and Great Britain in the late 1800s
Franz Ferdinand Heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary whose assassination by a Serb nationalist started World War 1
Gavrilo Princip young Serbian man who shot the archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie
neutral a country that takes no side in a conflict
Central Powers at world war, the powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.
Allied Powers at world war, the powers of Great Britain, Russia, and Serbia.
Western Front the deadlock region in northern France were the worst part of the war took place.
trench warfare fighting from trenches.
total war tactic were the country realizes that to win the war they must use all of society's resources.
propaganda information designed to influence people's opinion in order to encourage support of the war effort.
Battle of Verdun battle at an important French fortress started by the Germans. This battle was meant to kill or injure as many French soldiers as possible
Gallipoli Campaign failed attempt by the Allies in World War I to take control of the Dardanelles
genocide the deliberate destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group
Bolsheviks small Marxists group who led a revolution in order to overthrow the czar
Grigory Rasputin a self-proclaimed holy man and healers whom many Russians viewed as corrupt and immoral. He was the adviser of the Romanovs.
Marxism-Leninism the political and economic philosophy of the Bolsheviks, started by Vladimir Lenin, which looked to an uprising of the proletariat that would abolish private property and enforce social equality
Leon Trotsky a top Bolshevik official that was sent by Lenin to negotiate for peace with the central powers.
New Economic Policy a plan that permitted some capitalist activity. The plan was meant to encourage more food production
Woodrow Wilson American president who didn't want to be involved in WWI. He established the 14 points as a basis to establish peace.
U-boats German submarines
Zimmermann Note a secret message from German diplomat Arthur Zimmerman to officials in Mexico in which he proposed the Mexicans to attack US and promised that they would gain back the lost land.
Fourteen Points peace points established by Woodrow Wilson which aimed for the reduction of weapons and right for all people to chose their governments.
Treaty of Versailles treaty established by the allied powers
League of Nations an international body of nations formed after World War I to prevent future wars.
mandates territories once part of the Ottoman Empire that the League of Nations gave to other European powers to rule after WWI
Balfour Declaration a statement issued by the British foreign secretary in favor of establishing a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
armistice a truce
Created by: lcs1340020