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6 - Roman Vocab

Diocletian a good emperor who decided to separate the Roman empire into eastern and western portions and ruled the eastern portion
persecution a policy of arresting, injuring, or even killing members of a religious, ethnic, or other minority group
Constantinople a city that was renamed from Byzantium when Constantine moved his capital there, is now called Instanbul
Justinian a great Byzantine emperor who tried to unify the empire, persecuted non-Christians, tried to recapture land in Africa and Europe once a part of the empire, had the Hagia Sophia and many other things built
Justinian Code a code of laws that still influence our laws today that was developed during the time of Justinian
Theodora wife of Justinian, was a great supporter and advisor for him
Sicily island to the west of the southern tip of Italy
Alps mountains along the northern border of Italy
Apennines mountains running length of Italy
Tiber River runs through center of Italy, Rome on this river
volcanoes opening on the surface of the earth that releases lava, gases, and ash
plebeians farmers, tradespeople, and craft workers; lower to middle class
patricians noble families, upper class
republic form of government in which people elect their leaders
representatives people who are elected to act for someone else
Senate representative assembly of patricians (more powerful)
tribunes representatives for the plebeians (less powerful)
consuls served 1 year terms as army commanders and most powerful judges
Twelve Tables written set of Roman laws that were publicly posted
Carthage Phoenecian city on the northern coast of Africa
First Punic War fought between Rome & Carthage, won by Rome, so Rome gained control of Sicily
Hannibal Carthaginian commander who fought in the 2nd Punic War, marched towards Rome through Spain with 90,000 men and some elephants for some successful battles, but could not win the war
Scipio Africanus Roman consul who led army that defeated Hannibal near Carthage
Julius Caesar elected consul, became successful army general, became dictator, was assassinated at the Senate
civil war war between groups within one country
Pompey army general, main opponent of Julius Caesar, fled to Egypt and murdered
Cleopatra queen of Egypt, allied with Julius Caesar
dictator ruler with absolute power
Augustus Caesar first emperor of Rome, given name was Octavian
Pax Romana time of Roman peace, after Augustus became emperor, lasted about 200 years
gladiators trained fighters, fought to the death for entertainment, often criminals or slaves
Colosseum large stadium where entertainment such as gladiator fights occurred
census a count of all the people in a country
Pompeii a Roman city covered in ash by a volcano
Christianity a religion started in Judea, by followers of Jesus who was crucified for spreading his beliefs
crucifixion to be put to death by hanging from a cross
apostles 12 followers of Jesus
Paul major leader of Christians who spread the religion throughout Roman Empire
pope leader of catholic church, means father in Latin
Constantine first Roman emperor to become a Christian
Created by: daiseymd