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2nd Semester Test

6th Grade Semester Test

In the final weeks of WWII, Soviet troops met Allied troops at___________. (Berlin, Germany)
____________are the only superpowers left after WWII. (U.S.A. and U.S.S.R.)
By 1948, all of Eastern Europe was communist. This was the beginning of _______. (The Cold War)
Eastern communist countries started to build walls between Eastern and Western Europe. This was known as the________. (Iron Curtain)
The Cold War was a prolonged state of hostility between the _______ with the threat of nuclear war for nearly 40 years. (United States of America and Soviet Union)
President Harry Truman worked to prevent _____from spreading into all other countries. (Soviet communism)
The Truman Doctrine helped Western Europe by __________to encourage countries to resist communism. (providing economic aid)
By 1949, U.S. and Allied Powers setup the ________ to help each other in case of Soviet threat. (NATO(North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
Soviet Union responded by setting up the ________ with other communist countries against U.S. and NATO members. (Warsaw Pact)
Joseph Stalin realized that U.S. had the _________that helped them defeat Japan in WWII. (A-Bomb secrets)
Stalin knew that he would also have to _________to counter any A-Bombs that America might use on Russia. Russia ___________________in 1949. (build his own A-bombs, tests first A-bombs)
By 1950, U.S.A. test a new bomb known as the__________. (H-Bomb)
The Cuban Missile Crisis was a __________over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles in Cuba, just 90 miles from U.S. shores. (14-day political and military standoff)
_________was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who was Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and President from 1976 to 2008. (Fidel Castro)
_________was President of the U.S. at the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis, and he determined the U.S. response to the Soviet actions. (John F. Kennedy)
In the beginning, China went through a revolution to__________and setup a republic. (get rid of the Emperor, the feudal system,)
Sun Yat-sen established the_________. (Nationalist Party)
The ________of China was formed in 1921. (Communist Party)
On October 1, 1949, the ________was formally established, with its national capital at____________. (People's Republic of China, Beijing)
The Nationalist moved their government to ___________and set their capital at_________. (Taiwan, Taipei)
In 1971, ________was dismissed from the United Nations and the ______was invited into the United Nations. (Taiwan, People’s Republic of China)
U.S. President ___________met with Mao Zedong to improve American-Chinese relations. (Richard Nixon)
The Korean War: ___________launched an invasion of South Korea in 1950. (North Korea)
The Korean War forced America to focus on the spread of communism in Asia. U.S.A. was trying to stop a ______________. (domino effect)
North Vietnam used ____________known as the Viet Cong. (guerrillas or hit-and-run fighters)
In 1968, North Vietnam launched a number of attacks toward South Vietnam known as the ______________________. (Tet Offensive)
In the 1960s, _________increased the number of military advisors to the South Vietnam government. (President Kennedy)
After Kennedy was assassinated, new U.S. __________increased more military advisors, hoping to out last the Viet Cong. (President Lyndon Johnson)
This strategy does not work, U.S.A. pulls out the war and the_________. Vietnam War ends
__________was the longest economic downturn in the history of the Western world. The Great Depression
__________was an Italian leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling Italy from 1922 until 1943. Benito Mussolini
_________was leader of the Nazi Party of the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945. Adolf Hitler
During World War II, Japan launched a surprise assault on the U.S. naval base at ________. Pearl Harbor
Joseph Stalin started a program called ________ to help farm production and set collectives to make Russia into a industrial giant. the 5-Year Plan
On August 1939, Stalin and Hitler sign an agreement called _________, not to attack each other and secretly agreed to attack and divide Poland among themselves. (Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact)
How does World War II begin? Germany attacks Poland
________was the intense air battle between the Germans and British fighter pilots. Battle of Britain
In WWII, who were the Axis Powers? Germany, Italy, & Japan
In WWII, who were the Allies? U.S.A., Great Britain, France, Russia
The Big Three: _________agreed to defeat Germany first before attack Japan to end WWII. Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, & Joseph Stalin
The U.S. Army remembers June 6, 1944: World War II __________. (D-Day) Invasion of Normandy, France
Japan facing defeat, fought back using a technique called _______, sinking 30 ships. kamikaze(suicide bombers)
In World War I, who were the Triple Alliance? Germany, Italy, & Austria-Hungary
In World War I, who were the Triple Entente? Russia, France, & Great Britain
What was the spark that started World War I? The assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand.
World War I was a war where what types of weapons were used the first time? Machine guns, poison gas, airplanes, & tanks
__________was the first battle of World War I. The Battle of the Somme
Result of World War I was _________. over 300 billions dollars in damages and millions of deaths
What were the 2 reasons why the U.S.A. entered World War I? The Sinking of the Lusitania & Zimmerman Telegraph.
When World War I ended, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson created a blueprint that was for world peace known as the __________. Fourteen Points
Created by: acostavi