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Diagnostic Testing/Patient Prep

mammography a specialized X-ray of the breast
Hemoglobin Hgb/Hb anemia; hemorrhage
platelet count counts the number of platelet
arterial blood gases (ABC's) determines amount of O2 and CO2 dissolved in blood
sputum test diagnose cause of chest infections
blood glucose test diagnose metabolic diseases
midstream urine (MSU diagnose urinary track infections
Hematologist diagnosis, treatment, prevention, investigation of blood and lymphatic system disorders
gastroscopy esophagus, stomach and small intestine are viewed
partial thromboplastin time (PTT) evaluating clotting
Pathologist examines tissue samples; performs autopsies
stress test exercise ECG
complete blood count (CBC) helps establish a diagnosis as part of a routine exam
homeostasis a healthy body in a state of equilibrium
stat immediately
electrolytes includes testing for sodium, potassium, and chloride
radiologist interoperates images of the body
erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR/sed rate) measurement o the settling of RBC's
cardiac enzymes measure enzymes that can tell if a heart attack has occurred
cholesterol/triglycerides measures types of fat in blood
glucose tolerance test (GTT) more detailed to diagnose diabetes
critical value one that indicates a life threatening situation and requires immediate attention
blood culture ordered if client is suspected of having septicemia
proton emission tomography (PET) produces three dimensional images of cross-sections of body parts
electrocardiography (ECG/EKG) records the electrical activity of the heart
autopsy the examination of a body to determine the cause of death
reference range the normal range; the values expected for a particular test
bone mineral density test (BMD) used to check the density of bone in the spine and hip
ERCP uses an endoscope to visualize the liver and bile ducts
Ultrasonography/ Ultra Sound (US) uses high frequency sound waves
echocardiogram (record) echocardiography uses ultrasound waves to evaluate cardiac function
colonoscopy visual exam of the large intestine
barium enema visualizes the lower portion of the bowel
barium swallow x-ray of the throat and espohagus
Created by: amatt