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IndustrialRevolution

Industrial Revolution

TermDefinition
Urbanization Cities growing, people migrating to cities. Occurred during the Industrial Revolution. Rising urban populations provided cheap labor for factories.
Rural Countryside. Where most production occurred before the Industrial Revolution
Urban City. Where most production occurred during and after the Industrial Revolution
Capitalism Economic theory written about by Adam Smith in his book The Wealth of Nations. Capitalism occurred during the Industrial Revolution.
Communism Economic theory invented by Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels in their book The Communist Manifesto. Written during the Industrial Revolution to criticize the problems caused by capitalism.
Karl Marx Father of Communism
Adam Smith Father of Capitalism
Factory System When goods are mass-produced in factories by machines. Invented during the Industrial Revolution
Mass-Production to produce many many goods. Usually requires factories and machines.
Domestic System When goods are produced in small quantity, in villages and towns, by hand. Used before the Industrial Revolution.
Child Labor use of children to work in factories during the Industrial Revolution
Raw Materials materials used to produce manufactured goods. Examples: wood, cotton, tea are raw materials that are then made into tables, cloth, and tea bags.
Manufactured Goods Goods made in factories to sell. The final product. Examples: wood, cotton, tea are raw materials that are made into the following manufactured goods: tables, cloth, tea bags.
Labor Unions Groups of workers who unite to demand better working conditions or pay. Labor Unions formed during the Industrial Revolution in response to the terrible working conditions and low pay.
Tenements Low-income housing during the Industrial Revolution for factory workers. Un-safe, unsanitary.
How did the Industrial Revolution impact trade? Industrialized nations increased international trade in order to get raw materials and natural resources for their factories.
What natural resources were necessary for Great Britain and other nations to industrialize? Coal and Iron
Created by: MsRehwaldt