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Units 12-15

Role of the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages unity, stability
Feudalism in Europe decentralized system (no strong central gov't), developed after fall of Rome, land exchanged for services, no social mobility/rigid class structure
knights and chivalry knights - warriors of feudal Europe chivalry - code of honor for knights
manorialism manor=self-sufficient
Magna Carta limits power of monarch
motives for the Crusades regain control of Holy Land (Jerusalem)
effects of the Crusades decrease power of church, increased power of kings, increased trade between Europe and Middle East, cultural diffusion
causes of the Black Death increase trade
effects of Black Death decline of feudalism
Key achievements of the Maya, Inca, Aztec adapt to environment with creative farming (terraces, chinampas), Roads in Andes (Inca)
Chinampas floating gardens of Aztec - adapting to their environment
terrace farming carving "steps" into mountains for farming
Road system of the Inca infrastructure, trade, adapting to environments
conquistadors Cortez=Aztec, Pizarro=Inca, Why? Disease and advanced technology
Renaissance rebirth of Greek and Roman culture (Golden Age), humanism, secular (worldly) ideas
Why does it begin in Italy? strategic location for trade
humanism each person/individual has dignity and worth and should excel at many things
Venice trade
Key people of the Renaissance Michelangelo, Machiavelli, Gutenberg, Leonardo da Vinci
Machiavelli "ends justify the means", absolute rulers should do whatever is needed to keep power
Leonardo da Vinci (Renaissance Man) sculptor, painter, inventor, etc. "Renaissance Man"
Gutenberg and the printing press Result: increase literacy rates, spread of ideas, Protestant Reformation, Scientific Revolution, Age of Exploration, Age of Enlightenment
Effects of the Renaissance Decrease in power of Catholic Church, Age of Exploration, Protestant Reformation, Scientific Revolution, Age of Enlightenment
Causes of the Protestant Reformation indulgences, Martin Luther, 95 theses, abuses of the Catholic Church
Effects of the Protestant Reformation End of religious unity, decrease power of Catholic Church, Henry VIII, John Calvin, Counter Reformation, increase power of kings
Created by: mrfordglobal