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Autonomic and Pathologies

What involuntary system is part of the peripheral nervous system? Autonomic
What carries impulses away from the nervous system to the viscera? efferent nerves
How many types of ganglia are there? 3
What are the ganglia that runs along the veretbral column? vertebral
What are the ganglia that is lying in front of the vertebral column? prevertebral
What are the ganglia that is in the walls of the organs where the nerves terminate? terminal
What controls the body's response to feelings? Sympathetic
What controls the effects opposite of those caused by the sympathetic system? Parasympathetic division
What is another name for parasympathetic division? craniosacral division
What is a disease that is sometimes referred to as Lou Gehrig's Disease? Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
What is a sac formed by the localized dilation of a blood vessel in the cerebrum? Cerebral Aneurysm
What is a sudden interference in brain function caused by an interruption in the blood flow through the blood vessels in the brain? Cerebral Vascular Accident
What is inflammation of the brain? Encephalitis
What is a general term referring to disease of the brain? Encephalopathy
What is a disorder characterized by seizures, convulsions, or temporary loss of consciousness without convulsions? Epilepsy
What is violent, spasmodic contractions of the muscles? Convulsions
What is a short motor, sensory, or autonomic disturbancethat commonly begins in one part of the body? Focal Seizures
What is a form of epilepsy in which there is a sudden loss of consciousness followed immediately by generalized convulsions? Grand Mal Seizures
What is a form of epilepsy that involves only one half of the body? Jacksonian Seizure
What is a form of epileptic seizure with momentary loss of consciousness and only minor muscle movement? Petit Mal Seizures
What is increased accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain? Hydrocephalus
What is a tumor of meninges? Meningioma
What is an inflammation of the meninges? Meningitis
What is protrusion of the meninges through an opening in the skull or spinal column? Meningocele
What is congenital condition in which the head is very small in comparison to normal size of the body? Microcephalus
What is a pain or aching in the head that might be confined to one side of the head? Migraine Headache
What is a condition resulting from hardening of many tissue patches in the brain and spinal cord? Multiple Sclerosis
What is a condition characterized by frequent and uncontrollable need to sleep? narcolepsy
What is a tumor of the connective tissue of a nerve? neurofibroma
What is inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord causing paralysis and muscle atrophy? poliomyelitis
What is severe pain in the leg along the course of the sciatic nerve? sciatica
What is the opening in the walls of the spinal canal through which part of the spinal cord may protrude? spina bifida
What is abnormal flow of blood into the subarachnoid space; sometimes called subarachnoid bleed? subarachnoid hemorrhage
What is the presence of a localized collection of blood in the subdural space? subdural hematoma
What is a sudden occurrence in which there is decreased blood supply to the brain? transient ischemic attacks
Created by: FMHSAHS102