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Chapter 19-Questions


1. _______ was blamed for WWI and was forced to pay war reparations to the Allied Powers to rebuilt Europe. Germany
2. The 1920s were an age of _______________. dramatic social and political change
3. The American nation’s total wealth more than __________________between 1920 and 1929. Doubled
4. In the late 1920s, banks when bankrupt because people borrowed too much money on ____________. credit
5. Stock Market crashed is known as ______________ of (October 29, 1929). “Black Tuesday”
6. __________________was the longest economic downturn in the history of the Western world. The Great Depression
7. Who was the European dictator that started the government of fascism in Italy? Benito Mussolini
8. Who was the European dictator that started the Nazi party of fascism in Germany? Adolf Hitler
9. Mussolini was one of the key figures in the creation of _________________________. fascism
10. Adolf Hitler was leader of the Nazi Party of the ___________________ from 1933 to 1945. Third Reich
11. Nazis used _______________________to spread lies about the Jews in Europe. propaganda
12. Germans said that they were part of ___________to all other races on Earth. a master race and are superior
13. Both Hitler and Mussolini started to rebuild their armies, this action violated the______________________. Treaty of Versailles
14. First, Germany annexed _____________and later demanded the German part of ______________________. Austria & Czechoslovakia
15. To avoid war, British Prime Minister ___________worked out a deal with Adolf Hitler. Neville Chamberlain
16. His policy of ___________assured there will be no war with Nazi Germany. Appeasement
17. Hitler breaks the treaty and seizes all of ___________________for Nazi Germany. Czechoslovakia
18. ____________________helped Spanish fascists help to overthrow Spain’s government to setup a fascism government for General Francisco Franco. Both German and Italian troops
19. During World War II (1939-45), Japan attacked its Asian neighbors, allied itself with Nazi Germany and launched a surprise assault on the U.S. naval base at _______________ Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
20. Russia formed the Soviet Union under the leadership of Lenin, but when he died, which Russian general defeated all other generals for control of Russia? Joseph Stalin
21. Stalin started a program called the ________________ to help farm production and set collectives to make Russia into an industrial giant. 5 Year Plan
22. On August 1939, Stalin and Hitler sign an agreement, _______, not to attack each other and secretly agreed to attack and divide Poland among themselves. Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
23. How did World War 2 begin? Germany invades Poland
24. When Poland was invaded, which side did Germany attack and which side did Russia attack? Germany attacked from the west and Russia from the east
25. ______________ (1940) was the intense air battle between the Germans and British fighter pilots. Battle of Britain
26. When Germany could not defeat Great Britain, who did they attack next? Russia
27. What was the name of the invasion of Russia from Germany? Operation Barbarossa
28. A surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, by Japan gave_________________ the reason he needed to declare war on the Axis Powers. Franklin D. Roosevelt
29. Which countries made up the Axis Powers of WWII? Germany, Italy, & Japan
30. Which countries made up the Allies of WWII? U.S.A., England, France, & Russia
31. Who were the Big Three that agreed to defeat Germany first before attack Japan to end WWII? Churchill, Roosevelt, & Stalin
32. The U.S. Army remembers June 6, 1944: World War II ____________ Invasion of Normandy, France. D-Day
33. Who was the name of the U.S. General that led the Invasion of Normandy (D-Day)? Dwight Eisenhower
34. In the movie of “The Diary of Anne Frank,” who was the only survivor of the Holocaust in Nazi Germany? Anne Frank’s father
35. What was the name of Anne Frank’s father? Otto
36. What was the name of Anne Frank’s sister? Margot
37. What was the name of the boy that Anne Frank fell in love with? Peter Van Damn
38. Who was caught stealing food from the cabinet at night? Mr. Van Damn
39. Why were the Franks, Van Damns, and helpers celebrating when they heard the good news? D-Day: The Normandy Invasion.
40. When Anne and Margot were taken to a concentration camp in Germany, from what did they died from? Typhus: Disease
Created by: acostavi