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Endocrine Spelling with Definitions

Addison disease chronic disorder of the adrenal glands caused by a deficiency of cortical hormones
adenoma tumor of a gland
antidiuretic hormone Vasopressin: promotes reabsorption of water in the kidneys
adrenal cortex outer section of the adrenal gland which secretes steroids
adrenalectomy surgical excision of an adrenal gland
adrenal glands two bean-shaped glands situated on top oof the kidneys which secrete steroids and sex hormones
adrenal medulla inner section of the adrenal gland which secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine
aldosterone steroid produced in the adrenal cortex. is essential to life. maintain sodium and potassium levels
atrophy lack of development
cortisol a glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex
Cushing syndrome disorder caused by hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex, resulting in excessive production of steroids
diabetes mellitus a common pancreatic disorder involving insulin secretion into the blood, either too much or too little quantities
dwarfism a condition of being abnormally small; may be hereditary or an endocrine dysfunction
endocrinology the study of ductless glands, their secretions, and their function of homeostasis
epinephrine adrenaline - produced in the adrenal medulla. increases heart rate, fat metabolism for energy, and dilates the bronchial tubes
endocrine glands glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood stream
exophthalmos protrusion of eyes due to swelling in tissues; often associated with Graves disease
gigantism abnormal overgrowth of the entire body caused by hypersecretion of pituitary growth hormone before puberty
glucogenesis formation of glucose from glycogen
glucocorticoids steroids in the adrenal cortex that influence the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins
glycogen substance in which carbohydrates are stored in the liver for future conversion into sugar
hyperglycemia excessive amount of sugar in the blood
hyperinsulinism excessive amount of insulin in the blood - insulin shock
hypersecretion excessive secretion
hypocalcemia abnormally low amount of calcium in the blood
hypoglycemia too little sugar in the blood
hypogonadism underdevelopment of internal secretions of male sex glands
hypokalemia extreme depletion of potassium in the body usually lost in diuresis
hyposecretion inadequate secretion
islets of Langerhans clusters of cells in the pancreas whcih produce insulin and glucagon
ketoacidosis an acute stage of diabetes mellitus characterized by hypotension and, eventually, coma
metabolism process in which substances are broken down or built up during chemical reactions that are necessary to maintain life
mineralocorticoids hormones in the adrenal cortex that regulate water and mineral salts (electrolytes) in the body
norepinephrine noradrenaline: produced in the adrenal mendulla. increases blood pressure and constricts vessels
oral hypoglycemics medications used to stimulate the pancreas to secrete insulin
pancreas an organ that contains groups of cells called the islets of Langerhans which produce endocrine secretions, such as insulin and glucagon
parathyroid glands four seperate glands that are located on the posterior surface of the lobes of the thyroid gland
pineal gland pine-coned shaped gland that is attached to the posterior part of the third ventricle of the brain whcih secretes melatonin
pituitary gland hypophysis: pea-shaped gland that is located at the base of the brain
polydipsia excessive thirst
polyphagia a condition of eating abnormally large amounts of food
serum glucose tests blood tests to aid in the digestion of insulin deficiency
somatotropin human growth hormone found in the anterior pitutiary lobe
thyroid echogram ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland
thyroid gland largest gland on the endocrine system. located in the neck, just below the larynx
thyrotoxicosis abnormal condition of poisoning of the thyroid gland
thyrotoxine (T4) one of the two major hormones produced by the thyroid. regulates metabolism and energy levels
triidothyronine (T3) one of the two marjor hormones produced, stored and released by the thyroid gland
Created by: DawnLangridge