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ENHS APWH L. America

TermDefinition
Politics 8000 BCE-600 CE leaders are related to divinity (priests)- Hierarchal system
Politics 600-1450 CE The leaders are related to divinity (priests)- Hierarchal system
Politics 1450-1750 CE Arrival of Cortes (1518) -annihilates existing political system Treaty of Tordesillas Codified laws Viceroyalties
Politics 1750-1900 CE Colonization-- Viceroyalties Implement own government (Europeans immigrate) Religion (Catholic) plays a strong influence in gov’t Independence movements begin...inspired by French and USA
Politics 1900-present Decolonization Majority rules Communism, Totalitarian Dictatorships, Democracy
Economy 8000 BCE-600 CE Limited luxury items,
Economy 600-1450 CE Some sea trade in the Caribbean,
Economy 1450-1750 CE Cortes – trading- sugar tobacco Encomiendas, Haciendas, Mitas Trade of crops, Brought beasts of burden  improved agriculture Columbian Exchange. Atlantic Slave trade MERCANTILISM- silver causes inflation around globe
Economy 1750-1900 CE improved technology dependent Europe sucks natural resources/profits monoculture
Economy 1900-present Europe cannot maintain- end of foreign domination Monoculture Difficulty industrializing Heavily dependent on natural resources (Venezuela)Capitalism economic imperialism--> cash crops
Social Class/Gender 8000 BCE-600 CE Sometimes matrilineal, patrilineal
Social Class/Gender 600-1450 CE Women inherit property but still below men
Social Class/Gender 1450-1750 CE -more hierarchal (by race): peninsulares, creoles, mestizos, mulattoes, slaves -depreciation of women (European influence)
Social Class/Gender 1750-1900 CE -Continued hierarchy -New castes created (creoles, mestizos )
Social Class/Gender 1900-present - Society opens up - More egalitarian - Some meritocracy - Existing racism
Science/Inventions 8000 BCE-600 CE Irrigation, monumental building. No wheel, calendar, writing, metals, tools, weapons, road system
Science/Inventions 600-1450 CE Chinampas labor system, pyramids, complex calendar, hieroglyphics, weaving, # system, quipus
Science/Inventions 1450-1750 CE -medical advances (longer life span) -Wheel brought in (levers, pulleys) -Mining, plantations, factory, mills
Science/Inventions 1750-1900 CE Econ. dependent on Europe, Panama Canal
Science/Inventions 1900-present -innovation continued, beginning industrialization & extracting natural resources Military advancement of technology, arms race, nukes, West tech. spread thought L.A.
Art/Architecture 8000 BCE-600 CE Temples and sculptures
Art/Architecture 600-1450 CE Temples and sculptures
Art/Architecture 1450-1750 CE -Western/religion (Christian based) art -Mix of original Spanish and Western art
Art/Architecture 1750-1900 CE -Western/religion (Christian based) art -Mix of original Spanish and Western art
Art/Architecture 1900-present Combination of European, indigenous, and Christian arts.
Empire 8000 BCE-600 CE - Aztecs - Incas - Mayans - Toltecs, etc.
Empire 600-1450 CE - Aztecs - Incas - Mayans - Toltecs, etc.
Empire 1450-1750 CE - decimated (guns, germs, steel) - Iberian rule
Empire 1750-1900 CE -Spanish/Portuguese empire -Portuguese King moves to Brazil - some French influence
Empire 1900-present - split into many countries - General Boliva: legacy of anti American, influenced many countries - No strong institutions due to dependency
Religion 8000 BCE-600 CE Aztec/Mayan sacrifices. Social status of priests, polytheism
Religion 600-1450 CE Sacrifices, rituals after war, 3-part religious system, governed themselves, Incas very moral
religion 1450-1750 CE West considered Gods Lose belief in previous Gods West brought Christianity Father Bartolome de Las Casas (slavery ideas) Influenced (little syncretism: superstitions created)
religion 1750-1900 CE Regionalism, nationalism, Catholic Church, Powerful Enlightment ideas
religion 1900-present - Atheism agnostics increased - Legacy of Catholicism - Society more free to choose religion
Global Connections Columbian exchange, Triangular Trade Silver caused inflation world wide Potato increased population in Europe and China as supplement to diet; helped to offset the depleted African population sue to slave trade mercantilism
Global Connections Monroe doctrine (1823) Spanish American war (1898-99) Big Stick Policy (early 1900s) Panama canal(1914)
Rebellions leading to independence (French Rev American Rev Slave rebellion by Toussaint L’Overture on French island Napoleon invasion of Spain) all inspired revolt in Americas
Created by: ear933