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ENHS APWH E. Europe

TermDefinition
Politics 8000 BCE-600CE Religion based Hierarchal system Delegation of responsibility Bureaucratic codification 6th century Justinian rule – restore Rome
Politics 600-1450 CE Mongol invasion 1237-1241 - Russia divided into small kingdoms Tartars control - left day to day control to locals
Politics 1450-1750 CE Ivan III/IV - Free from Mongols – 1480 Empire expanded eastward Russia – centralization of authority Peter the Great – St. Petersburg as capital Parliamentary government Secret police First Russian navy
Politics 1750-1900 CE Russia – tsar continued to be all powerful Prussia – remained militaristic and authoritarian Duma created, but no real power Local rulers – zemstvoes regulate roads, schools Military officers based on meritocracy
Politics 1900-present WWI; Tsarist regime falls apart Army in full retreat USSR formed – collapses following cold war Soviet troops occupy all of eastern Europe Gorbachev tries to reform frees E. European nations updated authoritarian structure in reality
Economy 8000 BCE-600CE Byzantine empire Most important western terminal of the Silk Road Constantinople located on important trade routs
Economy 600-1450 CE Trade lapsed under Tartars North-south commerce never returned Moscow – trade, tribute collector Most part,
Economy 1450-1750 CE Key economy bound to agriculture Devalued merchant class Limited commercial exchange Systemized tax system Metallurgy and mining Economics funded military remained agricultural Trades with nomadic people
Economy 1750-1900 CE Backward position in trade Exported some grain to W. Europe Trade deficit lessened by increasing serf output, not improving industry - realizes the need to industrialize But sill doesn’t want to be materialistic
Economy 1900-present COMECON Economies nationalized Collectivization under state planned control Soviet welfare system Focus on heavy industry Lenin’s New economic policy Russia-five year plan
Social Class/Gender 8000 BCE-600CE Serfdom began in Middle Age Original sin devalues women
Social Class/Gender 600-1450 CE Influx of jews Monogamy replaced polygamy Fairly free farmers Boyars-aristocrats-less political power
Social Class/Gender 1450-1750 CE Feudalism Peter the Great encourages serfdom Women and nobles forced to dress in western fashions Men shaved beards – denial of Mongol tradition Power to upper class women
Social Class/Gender 1750-1900 CE Emancipating serfs 1861 -but most indebted, life doesn’t improve Increased literacy Some upper class women have access to new careers Pogroms against Jews
Social Class/Gender 1900-present Muslim population growth Lenin’s New Economic Policy gave freedom to small businesses, peasant landowners – more power Education started to spread – literacy
Science/Inventions 8000 BCE-600CE
Science Inventions 600-1450 CE
Science Inventions 1450-1750 CE Focus on Serfs-cheap labor force impeded invention or new scientific ideas John Desarguliers builds first steam engine outside England
Science Inventions 1750-1900 CE Western machinery imported Outdated agricultural methods – hard to compete Mendel and some peas, Pavlov and his dog
Science Inventions 1900-present Cold War – Arms race, space race Scientists highly respected Research heavily funded Direction/research determined by government – want applied science
Art/Architecture 8000 BCE-600CE Hagia Sophia Mosaic Religion based
Art/Architecture 600-1450 CE Ornate churches Icons, illuminated manuscripts Religious art vs. local music, street performers & theater
Art/Architecture 1450-1750 CE Not part of Renaissance due to illiterate Mongols Architecture of city done by serfs Romanov Policy - Italian artists/architects to work on churches/palaces
Art/Architecture 1750-1900 CE Beginning of some arts flourish -Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Tchaikivsky Nationalist pride through dictionaries, histories, folktales, music
Art/Architecture 1900-present Art-attacked western style Classical arts Literature walked line of angering government – still discussed patriotism/Russian
Empire 8000 BCE-600CE Byzantine Empire
Empire 600-1450 CE Kievan Rus could not replicate Byzantine Kievan decline – rival princes set up regional governments Rapid decline of Byzantium
Empire 1450-1750 CE Connection to Byzantine Empire - married niece of emperor Expansion – fought Ottoman Empire Fall of Byzantine Empire (1453)
Empire 1750-1900 CE
Empire 1900-present USSR
Religion 8000 BCE-600CE Animist – gods of sun, thunder, wind and fire
Religion 600-1450 CE Vladimir I convert to Christianity forced conversion Splendor of Orthodox religious ceremonies Religion allowed to have vernacular languages
Religion 1450-1750 CE Orthodox Christianity moved to Moscow Romanov family – state control over Russian Orthodox Church
Religion 1750-1900 CE Russification – all Russians had to convert to Orthodoxy
Religion 1900-present Soviet schools taught religion as myth under Stalin No church service to under 18
Created by: ear933