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ENHS APWH E.Asia

ENHS APWH E.Asia (China, Japan, Koreas, Vietnam)

TermDefinition
Politics 8000 BCE-600CE Dynasties with emperors- mandate of heaven Start of bureaucracy/meritocracy
Politics 600-1450 CE Japan borrowed from China Increased bureaucracy Tributary system Constant threat from North Prince Shotoku then daimyos
Politics 1450-1750 CE Fall of Ming from internal/external - Manchu Japan: Warring States Period to Tokogawa Shogunate Centralized rule
Politics 1750-1900 CE Abdication of Qing, unification of China Fight for control with Mao Japan: abolishes feudalism, Civil code, regional govs Nationalism = huge force
Politics 1900-present Decolonization from Europe Nominally democratic Tensions- China and West USSR/China split Birth of Chinese Republic Japan: parliamentary capitalism
Economy 8000 BCE-600CE Lots of money flowing in from Silk Roads Otherwise agricultural
Economy 600-1450 CE Paper money Credit or “flying money” High taxes cause peasant revolts Serfs bound to land
Economy 1450-1750 CE China: trade with Europeans in Qing Japan: manufacturing, merchant class get wealth and power , urbanization, population growth
Economy 1750-1900 CE Provide labor for plantations/mines Meiji Restoration- quickly industrialized in Japan
Economy 1900-present Modernization of Japan, Taiwan, South Korea Post- industrial/high-tech Less affected by global depression Need natural resources
Social Class/Gender 8000 BCE-600CE Patriarchal Confucian principles Women only power in court Scholars/officials  military  artisans Few live in cities
Social Class/Gender 600-1450 CE Code of Bushido- chivalry Women lost freedom in Japan
Social Class/Gender 1450-1750 CE Foreigners allowed in China Manchus higher than Chinese Japan: hierarchy becomes unbreakable, samurai at top lower class women more free – upper obey or die
Social Class/Gender 1750-1900 CE Rigid Tokugawa hierarchy ended Middle class grows power Lower classes- horrible conditions, taxed a lot
Social Class/Gender 1900-present Slow to embrace/tolerate diversity and individualism High degree/variety social services Rise of feminism- suffrage Women went worked WWII Foot binding outlawed
Science/Inventions 8000 BCE-600CE Iron Age Modernized army Paper, accurate sundials/calendars, agriculture improvements (plow)
Science/Inventions 600-1450 CE Gunpowder for military Boasts = junks Navigation/block printing Iron production Agriculture technique  population  cities
Science/Inventions 1450-1750 CE Gunpowder more prevalent Globalization of trade
Science/Inventions 1750-1900 CE British introduced opium to China Westernization of Japan - steamships/railroads Communication revolution
Science/Inventions 1900-present Atomic bombs Nuclear weaponry Militarism in Japan Computer, internet, biotechnology and genetic science
Art/Architecture 8000 BCE-600CE Brush painting Palaces
Art/Architecture 600-1450 CE Infrastructure (roads, inns, postal stations) Japan: haiku, pencil sketches, ink sketches, Noh drama, tea ceremony
Art/Architecture 1450-1750 CE Japan: kabuki theatre replaces restrained drama, Woodblock prints = art form, borrowed Korean ceramics and western oil painting
Art/Architecture 1750-1900 CE Artistic styles change more rapidly and radically than ever before
Art/Architecture 1900-present Theme for lit- resisting US New style= cubism Movie industry Use of concrete and glass New skepticism
Empire 8000 BCE-600CE Collapse of empires in China from internal problems – economic depression, natural catastrophe, social unrest
Empire 600-1450 CE Mongol empires – conquer China, but fail in Japan --> replaced by Ottoman Turks and Ju Yuanzahng of Ming dynasty
Empire 1450-1750 CE Japan empire centralized Fall of the Manchu empire Interaction with west = China – relatively isolated, Japan- periods of isolation and acceptance
Empire 1750-1900 CE The fall of China – opium wars, internal rebellions, external lasses, Boxer Rebellion Japanese imperialism- Taiwan, Korea, Russia
Empire 1900-present Japan- WWII- invades Manchuria, China, Siberia – taking over Southeast Asia, Bomb Pearl Harbor – brings US into war  atomic bomb --> US occupies Japan
Religion 8000 BCE-600CE Polytheism, animism ancestor worship Confucianism, Legalism Daoism, also spread of Buddhism from India
Religion 600-1450 CE Buddhist missionaries Shinto religion Influenced by monotheistic religions Neo- Confucian thought
Religion 1450-1750 CE New sects of Buddhism from China to Japan Neo- Confucianism increase (ethnocentric, historicism, rationalism)
Religion 1750-1900 CE Scientific/secular world becomes dominant
Religion 1900-present Religious fundamentalism Western appreciation for science spread
Created by: ear933