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Chapters 1-3

Benedict Anderson coined "Imagined Community" 1. Culure based upon Location & Commonalities; 2. to be POLITICALLY EXPEDIENT, cultures define themselves by their Traditions; 3. Culture is NESTED
Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913) made the distinctions between Utterance and Underlying Meaning 1. Underlying Meanings EXPRESSED in different ways; 2. Parole , Langue; 3. Phonology, Morphology
Noam Chomsky Linguist - DEEP structure Deep Structure makes language UNIVERSAL to humans
Dell Hymes Anthropological Linguist - focus on Surface Utterances 1. surface utterances defined by Sub-cultures; 2. surface structures
Edward Sapir & Benjamin Wharf (1812) Sapir-Wharf Hypothesis 1. Debunked own theory; 2. Culture & Thought patterns influenced Language; 3. can only think about what can be described in Language
Levi Strauss Anthropological Linguist 1. Culture is a way to impose ORDER on Environment - using binary order (cold/hot)
Franz Boas (1858-1942) FOUNDER of American Anthropology 1. debunked Biologically Defined Cultures; 2. defined Ethnocentrism
Created by: kristel.387
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