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Terminology III

Chapter 13

TermDefinition
ADREN/O ADRENO GLANDS
GONAD/O GONAD, SEX GLAND
TESTIC/O TESTICLE, TESTIS
OVARI/O OVARY
PANCREAT/O PANCREAS, PANCREATIC ISLETS
PINEAL/O PINEAL GLAND
PITUIT/O, PITUITAR/O PITUITARY GLAND
THYROID/O, THYR/O THYROID GLAND
ACR/O EXTREMITIES ( HANDS AND FEET),
CRIN/O SECRET
GLYC/O GLUCOSE, SUGAR
-DIPSIA THIRST
-ISM CONDITION, STATE OF
ACROMEGALY ENLARGEMENT OF THE EXTREMITIES CAUSED BY EXCESSIVE SECRETION OF GROWTH HORMONE AFTER PUBERTY.
ADRENALITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE ADRENAL GLANDS
ALDOSTERONISM AN ABNORMALITY OF ELECTROLYTE BALANCE CAUSED BY EXCESSIVE SECRETION OF ALDOSTERONE
ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE IS SECRETED BY THE HYPOTHALAMUS AND STORED AND RELEASED IN THE PITUITARY GLAND, HELPS CONTROL BLOOD PRESSURE
CALCITONION WHICH IS PRODUCED BY THE THYROID GLAND, IS A HORMONE THAT WORKS WITH THE PARATHYROID HORMONES TO DECREASE CALCIUM LEVELS IN THE BLOOD AND TISSUES BY MOVING CALCIUM INTO STORAGE IN THE BONES AND TEETH
CORTISOL HAS ANTI INFLAMMATORY ACTION REGULATES METABLISM OF CRABS FATS AND PROTIENS
CRETINISM A CONGENITAL FORM OF HYPOTHYROIDISM
HOMEOSTASIS THE PROCESSES THROUGH WHICH THE BODY MAINTAINS A CONSTANT INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
HORMONES ARE CHEMICAL MESSENGERS THAT SECRETED BY ENDOCRINE GLANDS DIRECTLY INTO THE BLOODSTREAM.
ENDOCRINE GLANDS 13 MAJOR THAT PRODUCE HORMONES, DO NOT HAVE DUCTS
PITUITARY GLAND IS A PEAS-SIZED GLAND THAT IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS. THESE PRODUCE HORMONES THAT CONTROLS MANY BODY FUNCTIONS
PINEAL GLAND INFLUENCES THE SLEEP/WAKEFULNESS CYCLE BY SECRETING MELATONIN
THYROID GLAND STIMULATES METABOLISM, GROWTH, AND NERVOUS SYSTEM ACTIVITY
THYMUS PLAYS MAJOR ROLE IN THE IMMUNE REACTION
ADRENAL GLANDS REGULATES ELECTROLYTE LEVELS, INFLUENCE METABOLISM AND RESPONDS TO STRESS
GONADS OVARIES OR TESTICLES
CUSHING'S SYNDROME A CONDITION CAUSED BY PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO HIGH LEVELS OF CORTISOL
DIABETES INSIPIDUS A CONDITION CAUSED BY INSUFFICIENT PRODUCTION OF THE ANTI DIURETIC HORMONE OR BY THE INABILITY OF THE KIDNEYS TO RESPOND TO THIS HORMONE
ELECTROLYTES ARE MINERAL SUBSTANCES THAT ARE NORMALLY FOUND IN THE BLOOD AND BODY FLUID. AND IT CONTROLS THE AMOUNT OF WATER AND ACIDITY IN THE BODY
EPINEPHRINE AKA ADRENALINE. STIMULATES THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM IN RESPONSE TO PHYSICAL INJURY OR TO MENTAL STRESS SUCH AS FEAR. HELPS LIVER TO RELEASE GLUCOSE AND LIMIT THE RELEASE OF INSULIN.
DIABETES MELLITUS INSUFFICIENT AMOUNT OF INSULIN DUE TO HYPERGLYCEMIA
ESTROGEN HORMONES SECRETED BY OVARIES THAT IS IMPORTANT IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF FEMALE SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS AND IN REGULATION OF THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE.
DIABETIC RETINOPATHY DAMAGE TO THE RETINA AS A COMPLICATION OF UNCONTROLLED DIABETES
INSULIN SHOCK A DIABETIC EMERGENCY CAUSED BY VERY LOW BLOOD SUGAR
FOLLICLE-STIMULATING HORMONES STIMULATES THE SECRETION OF ESTROGEN AND THE GROWTH OF OVA IN THE OVARIES OF THE FEMALE. THE MALE STIMULATES SPERM IN THE TESTICLES.
GESTATIONAL DIABETES THE FORM OF DIABETES THAT OCCURS DURING SOME PREGANANCIES
FRUCTOSAMINE TEST A BLOOD TEST THAT MEASURE AVERAGE GLUCOSE LEVELS OVER THE PAST THREE WEEKS
GLUCAGON HORMONE SECRETED BY ALPHA CELLS. OF THE PANCREATIC ISLETS IN RESPONSE TO LOW LEVELS OF GLUCOSE IN THE BLOODSTREAM.
GIGANTISM ABNORMAL GROWTH OF THE ENTIRE BODY CAUSED BY EXCESSIVE SECRETION OF THE GROWTH HORMONE BEFORE PUBERTY
GLUCOSE BLOOD SUGAR THE BASIC FORM OF ENERGY USED BY THE BODY
HASHIMOTO'S DISEASE AN AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER IN WHICH THE BODY'S OWN ANTIBODIES ATTACK AND DESTROY THE CELLS OF THE THYROID GLAND.
HYPERCALCEMIA ABNORMALLY HIGH CONCENTRATION OF CALCIUM CIRCULATING IN THE BLOOD
HYPOCALCEMIA A CONDITION CHARACTERIZED BY ABNORMALLY LOW LEVELS OF CALCIUM IN THE BLOOD
HYPERGLYCEMIA AN ABNORMALLY HIGH CONCENTRATION OF GLUCOSE IN THE BLOOD
HYPOGLYCEMIA AN ABNORMALLY LOW CONCENTRATION OF GLUCOSE IN THE BLOOD
INSULINOMA A BENIGN TUMOR OF THE PANCREAS THAT CAUSES HYPOGLYCEMIA BY SECRETING ADDITIONAL INSULIN
LEPTIN PROTEIN HORMONE SECRETED BY FAT CELLS THAT IS INVOLVED IN THE REGULATION OF APPETITE
HYPERINSULINISM A CONDITION MARKED BY EXCESSIVE SECRETION OF INSULIN IN THE BLOOD
HYPERPITUTARISM THE EXCESS SECRETION OF GROWTH HORMONE THAT CAUSES ACROMEGALY AND GIGANTISM
HYPERTHYROIDISM THE OVERPRODUCTION OF THYROID HORMONES
HYPOTHYRODISM A DEFICIENCY OF THYROID SECRETION
INTERSTITIAL CELL-STIMULATING HORMONE STIMULATES OVULATION IN THE FEMALE. IN THE MALE IS STIMULATES THE SECRETION OF TESTOSTERONE.
NOREPINEPHRINE HORMONE AND A NEUROHORMONE BY THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM IMPORTANT ROLE IN FIGHT OR FLIGHT.
OXYTOCIN CONTROLS POST NATAL HEMORRHAGING, STIMULATES LACTATION, AND HORMONE THAT STIMULATES CONTRACTIONS DURING CHILD BIRTH
PITOCIN SYNTHETIC FORM OF OXYCONTIN ADMINISTERED TO INDUCE LABOR
PANCREATITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE PANCREAS
PROGESTERONE HORMONE RELEASED DURING 2ND HALF OF THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE TO PREP UTERUS FOR PREGANCY
TESTOSTERONE STEROID HORMONE SECRETED BY TESTICLES AND ADRENAL CORTEX TO STIMULATE DEVELOPMENT OF MALE SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS.
PUBERTY PROCESS OF PHYSICAL CHANGES BY WHICH A CHILD'S BODY BECOMES AN ADULT BODY CAPABLE OF REPRODUCING
PROLACTINOMA A BENIGN TUMOR OF THE PITUITARY GLAND THAT CAUSES IT TO PRODUCE TOO MUCH PROLACTIN
DIABETIC COMA A DIABETIC EMERGENCY CAUSED BY VERY HIGH BLOOD SUGAR
THYMECTOMY THE SURGICAL REMOVAL OF THE THYMUS GLAND
THYMITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE THYMUS GLAND
TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS AN AUTOIMMUNE INSULIN DEFICIENCY DISORDER CAUSED BY THE DESTRUCTION OF PANCREATIC ISLET BETA CELLS
TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS AN INSULIN RESISTANCE DISORDER IN WHICH ALTHOUGH INSULIN IS BEING PRODUCED, THE BODY DOES NOT USE IT EFFECTIVELY
THYM/O THUMUS GLAND
Created by: RacheleCarter