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MedTerm10

TermDefinition
angiography procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye injected into a blood vessel to create an image.
anteroposterior pertaining to going from the front to the back, as in the path of x-rays during an AP chest x-ray
aortography procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye injected into the aorta to create an image
arteriography procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye injected into an artery to create an image
arthrography procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye injected into a joint to create an image
barium contrast medium made of small, chalky particles suspended in a liquid
barium enema procedure that uses x-rays, fluoroscopy, and barium contrast medum inserted in the rectum to creat an image of the colon.
bone density testing procedure that uses x-rays to measure the bone mineral density
cholangiography, intravenous (IVC) procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye injected intravenously to create an image of the gallbladder
cholangio-pancreatography, endoscopic retrograde (ERCP) procedure that uses an endoscope passed through the mouth, a catheter, and contrast dye to create an image of the common bile duct and pancreatic duct
cholecystography procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye taken orally to create an image of the gallbladder
cholescintigraphy nuclear medicine procedure that uses scintigraphy and a radiopharmaceutical drug attached to a carrier molecule (HIDA) to create an image of the gallbladder
computerized axial tomography procedure that uses x-rays controlled by a computer; the x-ray source moves around the body axis of a patient inside the CT scanner
decubitus lying down position; on the back, as in a position for a radiograph
DEXA scan type of bone density test that uses two x-ray beams at two different energy levels
diagnostic imaging includes radiology and nuclear medicine, as well as medical photography, microscopic imaging of pathology tissue specimens, etc.
doppler ultrasonography procedure that uses ultra high frequency sound waves emitted by an ultrasound transducer placed over an artery and doppler technology to create an audible sound of blood flow through an artery
dosimetry process of measuring the amount of radiation exposure as detected by a film badge and measured by a dosimeter
echocardiography procedure that uses ultra high frequency sound waves emitted by an ultrasound transducer placed on the chest
electron beam tomography (EBT) procedure that uses an electron beam and a spiral CT scan to create an image.
enhanced radiography, CT scan, or MRI scan that uses a contrast dye to contrast medium o enhance anatomical details
film badge badge worn by healthcare professionals who work in radiology and nuclear medicine
flat plate of the abdomen the x-ray beam enters the patient's abdomen and then enters the x-ray plate
fluoroscopy procedure that uses continuous x-rays to capture the motion of internal organs after the administration of a contrast medium or contrast dye
gadolinium contrast medium used in MRI scans
gallium-67 radioactive radiopharmaceutical drug that is given intravenously
gamma ray form of radiation emitted from a radioactive substance
half-life length of time it take s for half of the atoms in a radioactive substance to decay (emit gamma rays or positrons) and become stable
hysterosalphingography procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye inserted into the uterus to create an image of the uterus and uterine tubes
indium-111 radioactive radiopharmaceutical drug that is given intravenously. it emits gamma rays and is used in nuclear medicine
interventional radiography uses CT, MRI, or ultrasonography to guide the insertion of a needle for a biopsy or for another procedure (such as amniocentesis)
iodinated contrast dye contrast dye that contains iodine and is radiopaque
iodine-13 and iodine-131 radioactive radiopharmaceutical drug that is given intravenously. it emits gamma rays and is used in nuclear medicine
krypton-81m radioactive radiopharmaceutical drug that is inhaled as a gas. it emits gamma rays and is used in nuclear medicine
KUB x-ray of the kidneys, ureters, and bladders
lateral pertaining to the side, as in the path of x-rays during a lateral chest x-ray
lead apron shielding apron worn by radiologic personnel to protect themselves from radiation exposure
lymphangiography procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye injected into a lyphatic vessel to create an image of lymph nodes and lymphatic drainage
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure that uses a magnetic field and radiowaves to align the protons in atoms and then cause them to vibrate and emit energy as a signal
mammography procedure that uses x-rays to create an image of the breast
MUGA scan nuclear medicine procedure that uses scintigraphy and a radiopharmaceutical drug to create an image of the blood in the heart
myelography procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye inserted through a catheter into the subarachnoid space of the spine to create an image of the spinal cavity, spine, and spinal nerves
nuclear medicine medical specialty that uses radioactive substances to create an image of the internal structures of the body
oblique on a slant or angle midway between anterior and lateral, as in the path of x-rays during an oblique x-rays
OncoScint scan nuclear medicine procedure that uses scintigraphy and a radiopharmaceutical drug to create an image of metastases from cancer of the colon or ovary.
PET scan nuclear medicine procedure that uses a radioactive radiopharmaceutical drug combined with glucose molecules
plain film radiograph obtained without the use of a contrast medium or contrast dye
portable film radiograph obtained at the bedside or in the emergency department with a portable x-ray machine because the patient cannot be transported to the radiology department
posteroanterior pertaining to going from the back to the front, as in the path of x-rays during a PA chest x-ray
projection standardized, fixed orientation between the position of the patient, the x0ray cassette, and the x-ray machine that determines the direction in which the x-ray beam travels through the patient
ProstaScint scan nuclear medicine procedure that uses scintigraphy and a radiopharmaceutical drug to create an image of metastases from prostate cancer
pyelography procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye injected intravenously or instilled into the bladder to create an image of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
quantitative computerized tomography type of bone density test that uses x0rays and a CT scan to create a 3-D image to measure the bone density of different areas of a bone
radioactive substance substance that produces gamma rays or positrons as it decays and its atoms change from an unstable to a stable state
radiography procedure that uses x-rays or fluoroscopy, with contrast dye (enhanced) or without (unenhanced) to create an image of the internal structures of the body
radiology medical specialty that uses energy (x-rays, magnetic fields, sound waves, or an electron beam) and technology to create images of internal body structures
radiolucent areas of low density tissue that allow x-rays to pass through and create a black area on a radiograph
radiopaque areas of high-density tissue that do not allow x-rays to pass through, and the creates a white area on a radiograph
radio-pharmaceutical naturally occurring or man-made radioactive substance that has been processed and measured to be given as a drug in nuclear medicine
rem unit of measurement for radiation exposure
scintigraphy nuclear medicine procedure that uses a radioactive radio-pharmaceutical drug as a tracer
scout film radiograph obtained to provide a preliminary view of an area before a contrast medium or contrast dye is given
SPECT scan nuclear medicine procedure that is a MUGA Scan of the heart in which the gamma scintillation camera moves around the patient to create images in "slices"
technetium-99m radioactive radio-pharmaceutical drug that is given intravenously. it emits gamma rays and is used in nuclear medicine
thallium-201 radioactive radio-pharmaceutical drug that is given intravenously. it emits gamma rays that is used in nuclear medicine
ultrasonography (US) procedure that uses ultra high-frequency sound waves emitted by an ultrasound transducer placed on the skin
upper gastrointestinal series (UGI) fluoroscopic procedure that uses x-rays and barium contrast medium that is swallowed to create an image of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
venography procedure that uses x-rays and a contrast dye injected into a vein to create an image of the vein
ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scan nuclear medicine procedure that uses scintigraphy and an inhaled radio-pharmaceutical drug to create an image of the lungs
x-rays form of invisible ionizing radiation
x-ray cassette case that holds the x-ray film
xenon-133 radioactive radio-phamaceutical drug that is inhaled as a gas. it emits gamma rays and is used in nuclear medicine
AP anteroposterior
Ba barium
BE barium enema
CAT computerized axial tomography
CT computerized tomography
CXR chest x-ray
DEXA, DXA dual-energy x ray absorptiometry
DSA digital subtraction angiography
EBT electron beam tomography
ERCP endoscopic retrograde chloangiopancreatography
HIDA hydroxyiminodiacetic acid
IVC intravenous chloangiography
IVP intravenous pyelography
KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder
Lat lateral
mra magnetic resonance angiography
mri magnetic resonance imaging
MUGA multiple-gated acquisition (scan)
PA posteroanterior
PET positron emission tomography
QCT quantitative compurterized tomography
R,r roentgen
rad radiation absorbed dose
RAIU radioactive iodine uptake
rem roentgen-equivalent man
RRT registered radiologic technologist
SPECT single-photon emission computed tomography
TEE transesophageal echocardiography
UGI upper gastrointestinal series
US ultrasonography, ultrasound
V/Q ventilation-perfusion
Created by: Beckster_Bug