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Global Studies

The Enlightenment (1700s)

TermDefinition
The Enlightenment (1700s) Time in European history when reason (LOGIC) was used to understand and improve society
Nickname for the Enlightenment "Age of Reason"
Enlightenment society can be improved using these two things? 1) reason (LOGIC) 2) natural law (universal rules that are always true)
Enlightened philosophers believed that governmental power came from? the people NOT God
These two time periods encouraged the spread of new ideas and the use of reason The Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution
John Locke believed all people have natural rights (right to life, liberty and property)
Baron de Montesquieu wanted governmental power divided into 3 branches (executive, legislative and judicial); separation of powers and EVEN the idea of checks and balances
Voltaire everyone entitled to freedom of religion and freedom of speech
Rousseau society is a social contract where all people agree to work for the good of society
Two key effects of Enlightenment 1) caused political revolutions in France, Latin America and US 2)Enlightened Despots - kings and queens who believed in Enlightened thinking and governing
Created by: dawn_pierson