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Terminology Abbreviations

ABG artierial blood gases
ACTH adenocorticotrophic hormone (hormone sectred by anterior lob of pituitary gland)
ADH antidiuretic hormone (decreases formation of urine)
AFB acid-fast bacillus (rod-shaped micororganism not readily decolorized by acids)
ant anterior
AP anteroposterior
APTT activated partial thromboplastin time (measure intrinsic pathway of coagulation)
BE barium enema (intraluminal contrast agent)
BMI body mass index
BMR basal metabolic rate
BUN blood urea nitrogen (blood; chief nitrogenous constituent of urine; gaseous chemical)
Bx, bx biopsy
C&S culture and sensitivity (organism causing illness; medicine/antibiotic to treat illness)
C&T crossmatch and type
CBC completed blood count
CK creatine kinase (cardiac enzyme); conductive keratoplasty (corneal grafting)
CO2 carbon dioxide
CRP C-reactive protein
CSF cerebro spinal fluid
CT computed tomography (a computerized x-ray scanning/produces a sectional anatomic image)
CXR chest x-ray; chest radiograph
DI diabetes insipidus (excessive elimination of dilute (watery) urine); diagnostic imaging
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis (acidosis caused by an accumulation of ketone bodies)
DM diabetes mellitus
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid (biological instructions that make each species unique)
DSA digital subtraction angiography (computer to investigate arterial blood circulation)
Dx diagnosis
ECG electrocardiogram
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMG electromyography (electrical activity of selected skeletal muscle groups)
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (following injection of a) radiopaque material into the papilla of Vater
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
FBS fasting blood sugar
FS frozen section
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone (stimulates maturation of the ovarian follicles in women)
GB/GBS gallbadder series
GH growth hormone
GTT glucose tolerance test
Hb hemoglobin
HbA1c glycated hemoglobin (average plasma glucose concentration over prolonged periods of time)
HBV hepatitis B virus
Hct hematocrit
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HIV human immumodeficiency virus
HRT hormone replacement therapy
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
I&D incision and drainage
INR international normalized ratio (pt blood is tested to determine its level of anticoagulation)
IV-GTT intravenous glucose tolerance test
IVP intravenous pyelogram (radiopaque material is given intravenously); intravenous pyelography
K potassium
KUB kidney, ureter (tube carries urine) and bladder
LAT, lat lateral
LDH lactic dehydrogenase (enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of lactate)
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LH luteinizing hormone (produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary)
LLQ left lower quadrant
LP lumbar puncture
LS lumbosacral (P2 lumbar vertebrates and the sacrum) spine
LUQ left upper quadrant
MCH mean cell hemoglobin
MCHC mean cell hemoglobin concentration
Mg magnesium
mg/dl, mg/dL milligrams per deciliter
MRI magnetic resonance imaging (behaviour of protons when placed in powerful magnetic fields to make images)
MSH melancyte-stimulating hormone
Na sodium
NIDDM non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
NPH neutral protamine Hagedorn (intermediate-acting insulin given to help control the blood sugar)
O&P ova and parasite
OB occult blood; obstetrics
P phosphorus; pulse
Pap papanicolaou test
PBI protein-bound iodine
PCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PET positron emission tomography (reconstruction of brain sections by using PET)
PFT pulmonary function test
PGH pituitary growth hormone
post posterior
PRL prolactin (hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland)
PSA prostate-specific antigen (protein made by the cells of the prostate gland)
PT prothrombin time; physical therapy
PTH parathyroid hormone
PTT/aPTT/APTT partial thromboplastin time (the time needed for plasma to clot after the addition of partial thromboplastin)
RAI radioactive iodine
RAIU radioactive iodine uptake
RBC red blood cell
RF rheumatoid factor; radio frequency
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
S&A sugar and acetone
SBF small bowel follow-through
SGOT serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase
SGPT serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase
sono sonogram (the record obtained by the use of ultrasonography)
SPECT single-photon emission computed tomography
Sx symptoms
T&S type and screen
T3 triiodothyronine (thryroid hormone)
T4 thyroxine
TFT thyroid function test
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
Tx treatment
U&L, U/L upper and lower
UA urinalysis
UGI upper gastrointestinal series
US ultrasound; ultrasonic
VDRL venereal disease research laboratory
VMA vanillylmandelic acid test (VMA in their urine)
WBC white blood count
Created by: deyoht_kwa