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Chapter 17

The West Between the Wars

Depression a period of low economic activity and rising unemployment.
Collective Bargaining the right of unions to negotiate with employers over wage and hours
Deficit Spending when a government pays out more money than it takes in through taxation and other revenues, thus going into debt.
Dawes Plan reduced reparation; coordinated Germany's annual payments with ability to pay.
Treaty of Locarno guaranteed Germany's new western borders with France and Belgium.
John Maynard Keynes British economist; published his General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money in 1936.
Weimar Republic German democratic state that formed in the end of the war in 1918 with Germany's defeat.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Democrat; won presidential election in 1932. Believed in free enterprise.
New Deal a policy of active government intervention in the economy.
Totalitarian State a government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of citizens.
Fascism a political philosophy that glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler.
New Economic Policy a modified version of the old capitalist system adopted by Lenin in 1921to replace War Communism in Russia; peasants allowed to sell produce. retail stores/small industries could privately owned, but heavy banking and mines remained in government hands.
Politburo a seven member committee that became the leading policy-making body of the Communist Party in Russia.
Collectivization a system in which private forms are eliminated and peasants work land owned by the government.
Benito Mussolini established the 1st European Fascist movement in Italy.
Joseph Stalin Politburo member, gained complete control of the Communist Party.
Five- Year- Plan Set economic goals for five-year periods. The purpose was to transform Russia virtually overnight from an agricultural to industrial country.
Francisco Franco General; led Spanish military forces to revolt against the democratic government in 1936.
Reichstag the German Parliament
National Socialist German Workers' Party Extreme nationalist party; Hitler took control and renamed it, another name for Nazi's.
Mein Kampf Hitler wrote in jail on account of his movement and basic ideas.
Lebensraum living space
Enabling Act Reichstag passed this law which gave government the power to ignore the constitution for four years while it issued laws to deal with the countries problems.
Aryan Racial state that would dominate Europe and possibly the world for generations to come.
Heinrich Himmler head of Hitler's personal bodyguard; led the bodyguards to become the regular police force in addition to Hitler's personal force.
Nuremberg Laws excluded jews from German citizenship and forbade marriage between jews and German citizens.
Kristallnacht "night of shattered glass"
Created by: lindseybertone