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First Global Age

Global I Regents NYS

TermDefinition
Astrolabe An instrument used to determine latitude by measuring the position of the stars.
Cartographer A mapmaker
Circumnavigate To travel all the way around the Earth
Capitalism An economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit.
Cash Crop Economy An economy based on the raising and selling of one crop or a small number of crops.
Joint Stock Company A private trading company in which shares are sold to investors to finance business ventures.
Mercantilism An economic policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to build its national wealth.
Columbian Exchange The global exchange of people, plants, animals, ideas, and technology that began in the late 1400’s.
Conquistador A name, meaning “conqueror,” for certain explorers of the 1500’s and 1600’s.
Creole A person who was born in the Americas but whose parents were both Spanish settlers.
Empire A group of states or territories governed by one ruler
Encomienda A system created by the Spanish government in the Americas allowing colonists to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans.
Epidemic An outbreak of disease that spreads quickly and affects a large number of people
Imperialism The domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another region.
Indigenous To be native to a country or region
Mestizo A person born in the Americas whose parents were of Native American and European decent
Middle Passage The voyage from Africa to the Americas on slave ships
Missionary A person dedicated to spreading a religion
Mulatto A person born in the Americas whose parents were of African and European descent
Peninsular A member of the highest class in the Americas, born in Europe.
Created by: LHSZollitsch