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New Vargo 29/30

Vocab 29/30

QuestionAnswer
The dictator ruled Mexico for almost 35 years. Under his rule Mexico enjoyed peace and economic growth. He left Mexico in 1911 after rebellion from his people. Porfirio Diaz
a liberal reformer, who demanded free elections. He was imprisoned by Diaz. Madero became President and within two years was murdered on the orders of one of his generals. Francisco Madero
A Mexican military officer and President of Mexico. His supporters were known as Huertistas during the Revolution. Nickname El Chacal “The Jackal” or El Usurpador “The Usurper” He was forced to flee Mexico. Victoriano Huerta
He was an Indian tenant farmer, who lead a peasant revolt. “own only the ground on which they stand. They suffer the horrors of poverty.” Land of Liberty Emiliano Zapata
A hard riding rebel for the north. He fought mostly for personal power but won over the loyalty of his peasant followers. He was one of the most prominent Generals during the Revolution. Pancho Villa
In 1929, government leaders, organized the Institutional Revolutionary Party a political party. It held power for 71 years. It make Mexico one of the few nations with two major parties PRI
foreign policy of the United States by FDR toward the countries of Latin America. Its main principle was that of non-intervention and non - interference in the domestic affairs of Latin America. Good Neighbor Policy
An Austro-Hungarian journalist and writer. He is the father of modern political Zionism and in effect the foundation of the State of Israel. Theodor Herzi
A letter from James of the United Kingdom’s Foreign Secretary in 1917. It was sent to Baron Rothschild a leader of the British Jewish community. The government favored the establishment in Palestine for a national home for the Jewish people. Balfour Declaration
The preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Through non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world. Mohandas Gandhi
In 1930 it began with the Dandi March towards Indian Independence movement. Is was a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly. The Salt March
Chinese statesman who organized the Kuomintang and led the revolution that overthrew the Manchu dynasty in 1912. He was the first president and founding father of the Republic of China. Sun Yixian
An army officer who took over the Guomindang. He marched on China in 1926 and slaughtered communist party. He wanted to destroy the "red bandits" Jiang Jieshi
A Chinese communist revolutionary, and political theorist commonly referred to as Chairman Mao. He was Chairman of the Communist Party of China. Moa Zendong
was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of Communist China. They traveled over 8,000 miles in 370 days. The Long March
Series of treaties settled Germany's borders with France, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. Locarno
1928 international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve “disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them.” Kellogg-Briand Pact
An Irish republican army military organization. They waged a guerrilla campaign against British rule in Ireland. IRA
is a strike action in which a substantial proportion of the total labor force in a city, region, or country that participates. General Strike
was a line of concrete fortifications, tank obstacles, artillery casemates, machine gun posts, and other defenses, which France constructed along its borders with Germany and Italy. Maginot Line
young women in the 1920s who wore shorts skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior. Flouting social and sexual norms. Flapper
Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer. One of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. Known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture. Pablo Picasso
Spanish surrealist painter who is best known for striking and bizarre images. Best known work is the The Persistence of Memory. Salvador Dali
An American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans. Nicknamed “Satchmo” Influenced jazz, shifting the focus of music from collective improvisation to solo performance. Louis Armstrong
Austrian physician who suggested that the unconscious mind drives much of human behavior. He pioneered psychoanalysis, the study & treatment of the human mind. Sigmund Freud
a Polish physicist and chemist, working mainly in France. She is famous for pioneering research on radioactivity. She is the first woman to win the Nobel Prize. Marie Curie
German born theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. Best known for his mass-energy equivalence formula E=mc². Received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics. Albert Einstein
Created by: hwzone