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Lesson 33

Lesson 33 Vocabulary, Matching,

QuestionAnswer
rationalism belief in reason and logic as the primary source of knowledge
geocentric having the Earth at the center of the universe
orbit the path that one heavenly body (such as a planet) follows around another (such as the sun)
projectile an object that is fired or launched, such as a cannon ball
heliocentric having the sun as the center of the universe
mass the amount of matter in an object
Copernican Theory the theory that the sun was at the center of the universe
hypothesis an idea or assumption to be tested in an experiment
data facts or information that have been observed in an experiment
microscope invented by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek and allowed him to be the first to see bacteria
barameter it measures changes in the pressure of the atmosphere and was invented by Evangelista Torricelli
thermometer an important instrument that measures temperature and improved by Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Scientific Revolution scientists changed traditional thinking about nature
Sources that guided European thinking First - Bible Second - teachings of Aristotle
Greek Rationalism the belief that reason, or logical thought, could be used to discover basic truths about the world
Copernicus first to propose heliocentric theory of the universe
Kepler figured out that the orbits of the planets were ellipses
Galileo built his own telescope and was interested in motion
Newton was interested in the laws of gravity
Bacon developed the scientific method
van Leeuwenhoek first to see bacteria with a microscope
Torricelli invented the barometer
Fahrenheit made thermometers more accurate by using mercury and designed a new temperature scale
Europeans followed teaching of what before the Scientific Revolution? teachings of the Bible for Christians and teachings of Aristotle
Greek Rationalism The belief that reason and logic could reveal basic truths.
The Age of Exploration caused what? What people believed about the natural world could be wrong.
Ptolemy believed... in a geocentric universe or that the sun revolved around the earth.
Mass... is the amount of matter in an object.
Scientific Method state problem, hypothesis, conduct experiment, measure and record data, analyze and determine accuracy of hypothesis
Created by: randy hogue