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Roman Study Guide

6th Grade Social Studies Lesson 3

What was Pax Romana? The Peace of Rome.
Who was Rome's first emperor? Caesar Augustus.
How did Roman roads unite the empire? They allowed the Roman Army to move quickly and made the exchange of goods and ideas easier.
What was a census and why was it taken? The count of a country's people. It helped make sure citizens paid the taxes or gave any military service they owed.
Describe the Repubic's army. The Republic's army had only landowning citizen become soldiers, fewer soldiers were needed because the lands were smaller, and the army defended the Republic and fought to gain land.
Describe the Empire's army. The Empire's army had volunteers that could be in the army, by 20 B.C. there were more than 300,000 soldiers, and the army defended their borders and built army posts and roadways.
How did Rome's first emperor improve Rome? Caesar Augustus ordered new government offices, libraries, temples, and public baths to be built, and existing buildings to be repaired.
What was a basilica? A huge government building.
What was the forum and what happened there? A public place where people could meet for recreation or business. Merchants sold fresh meats, vegetables, pottery, cloth, and luxury goods from eastern provinces; public notices were carved in stone there and papyrus scrolls filled with writing.
Describe the Colosseum (Coliseum) and what happened there. Colosseum (Coliseum) held 50,000 people, was the largest arena and was built by the emperor, Vespasian, in about A.D. 72. Roman citizens watched battles between gladiators there.
What was a gladiator? A slave or prisoner who fought, often to the death, for the entertainment of the citizens.
What were aqueducts and what was their purpose? A system of bridges and canals used to carry water to a city. Roman aqueducts carried water from faraway rivers and mountain streams to the cities.
What other civilization influenced Rome's cultural life? Greece.
What is patriotism? The love of one's country.
What is the Aeneid and who wrote it? A story about the legendary Trojan hero, Aeneas, who escaped during the last few hours of the Trojan War was written by Virgil.
Created by: mjys02