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Global Studies

Transformation of Western Europe

TermDefinition
The Black Death (1347-1351) major disease called Bubonic Plague killed 25 million people in Europe; spread by fleas on rats
Where did the Black Death start? disease started in East Asia and spread over the trade routes
The Golden Age of Europe Renaissance (1400-1600)
Renaissance (1400-1600) achievements in arts, literature and science
Humanism focus on humans and life on earth instead of on God and Heaven
Famous Renaissance artists Donatello, da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael
Niccolo Machiavelli wrote book "The Prince" a guide for government leaders; rulers have absolute power and can do anything to stay in power; "the ends justifies the means"
What religious revolution challenged Catholic Church? Protestant Reformation (1500s)
Why did the Protestant Reformation (1500s) happen? 1) Europeans made that Catholic church concerned with money and power 2)anger over indulgences
indulgences Money paid to Catholic Church to lessen a punishment for a crime
Martin Luther wrote "95 Thesis" - argued against the sale of indulgences
Henry VIII King of England who left Catholic Church so he could get a divorce
John Calvin believed in predestination
predestination idea that God already knows who will be punished and who will be saved
Effects of Protestant Reformation (1500s) 1) power of Pope and Catholic Church decreased 2)end of European religious unity
Johnnes Gutenberg inventor of the printing press
The printing press was important because... 1) helped spread ideas quickly 2) increased literacy (more people could read and write) 3) more books because cheaper to make and sell
Created by: dawn_pierson