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Chapter 22

Pharmacology

TermDefinition
analgesic relieves pain without causing loss of consciousness
anesthetic produces lack of feeling either locally or generally thruout body
antacid neutralizes stomach acid
antianemic replaces iron
antianxiety relieves anxiety
antianginal dilates coronary arteries to increas blood flow and reduce angina
antiarrhythmic controls cardiac arrhythmias
antibiotic, antiinfective, antibacterial destroys or inhibits growth of harmful microorganisms
anticholinergic blocks nerve impulses and muscular reactions (parkinsons or nausea)
anticoagulant prevents blood clotting
anticonvulsnat inhibits convulsions
antidepressant prevents or relieves symptoms of depression
antidiabetic lowers blood sugar or increases insulin sensitivity
antidiarrheal prevents or slows diarrhea
antidepressant prevents or relieves symptomsof depreesion
antiemetic prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting
antifungal destroys and inhibits fungal growth
antihistamine slows allergiv reactions by counteracting histamines
antihypertensive controls high blood pressure
anti inflammatory, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (nsaid) counteracts inflammation
antineoplastic destroys malignant cells
antiparkinson controls symptoms of parkinson's disease
antipsychoti controls symptoms of schizophrenia and some psychoses
antipyretic reduces fever
antitubercular decreases growth of microorganisms that cuase tuberculosis
antitussive, expectorant prevents and relieves coughing
antiulcer relieves and heals ulcers
antiviral controls growth of viral microorganisms
barbiturate controls epileptic seizures
bronchodilator dilates bronchial passages
decongestant reduces nasal congestion or swelling
diuretic increases excretion of urine
hemostatic controls or stops bleedin
hynotic, sedative produces sleep or hypnotic state
hypoglycemic lowers blood glucose levels
laxative loosens stool and promotes normal bowel elimination
vasodialtor decrease blood pressure by relaxing blood vessels
absorb to take into
antidote substance able to canel out unwanted effects of another substance
buccally inside cheek
contraindicated inadviable to use; might cause complicationswhen mixed with other drugs
drug biological or chemical agents that can air or alter body functions
enteric coated having coating that prevents stomach irritation
exrete to separate out and expel
generic sortened version of chemical name; official drug name
infusion adminsitration of fluid thru intraveous tube at slow and steady rate
inhalation taking in of drugs in fine spray of droplets
inraarterial injected directly into artery
intracardiac injected directlyinto heart muscle
intradermal; intracutaneous injected just beneath outer layer of skin
intramuscular injected deep into muscle tissue
intraosseus injected direclt into bone
intraspinal; intrathecal injected directlyinto spianl spaces
medication drug that serves a therpeutic purpose
metabolize to change chemically or physically to make useful
oral administration swallowin of pills or liquids by mouth
otc avaiable for sale without doctors prescription
parenteral administration administration by injection
pharmacist person licensed to dispense medications
pharmacodynamics study of how drugs affect body
pharmacokinetics study of how body absorbs metabolizes and excretes drugs
pharmacology science that studies develops and tests new drugs
prescription order given by doctor for medication dosage route and timing of admin
brand name; trade name; proprietary name name copyrighted by manufacturer for particular version of drug
topically on surface of skin
syringse instrument used for injection or withdrawl of fluids
subcutaneous injected into fatty later of tissue beneath outer layer of skin
sublingually under tongue
suppository drug mixed with semisolid melting substance mean for admin by insertin into vagina urethra or rectum
toxicology study of harmful effects of drugs
vial small receptable for holding lquid or pill medications
vitamin organic substance found in food
chemo chemical
pyreto fever
aa of each
a.c. before meals
ad up to
a.d. right ear
ad lib freely as often as desired
am a.m. a morning
as left ear left ear
daw dispense as writte
dil. dilute
dc disc discontinue
div. divide
dw distilled water
dx diagnosis
d5w dextrose 5% in water
elix. elixir
e.m.p. as directed
ex aq. in water
ext. extract
fda food and drug admin
fld. ext. fluid extract
fuo fever of unknown origin
g gm grain gram
gtt drop
h hypodermic
h. every hour
h.s. at bed time
im intramuscular
inj injection
a.u. au each ear
bid b.i.d. twice a day
c with
cap. caps. capsule
cc.cc cubic centimeter
comp. compound
cx contraindicated
ml milliliter
n noct night
non rep. do not repeat
npo nothing by mouth
npo p mn nothing by mouth after midnight
n.s. ns normal saline
n & v nausea and vomiting
o.d. od right eye
oint. ung. ointment, unguent
o.l. left eye
o.s. left eye
otc over the counter
o.u. each eye
oz. ounce
p post after
p.c. after meals
pdr physicians desk reference
pm p.m. p afternoon
p.o. by mouth
prn p.r.n repeat as needed
pulv. pwdr powder
qam every morning
iv intravenous
mcg microgram
meq miilliequivalent
mg milligram
q.o.d. every other day
q.s. sufficient quanitiy
r rectal
s without
rx prescription
sol. soln. solution
ss one half
sp. spirit
s.o.s. if there is need
subc subq s.c. subcutaneously
supp. suppos suppository
u.s.p united states pharmacopeia
u.d. as directed
u unit
tsp. teaspoonful
tpr temp pulse respirations
tpn total parenteral nutrition
tinct. tr. tincture tnicture
t.i.d. 3x day
tbsp. tablespoonful
tab. tablet
syr. syrup
sym sx symptom
susp. suspension
qns quanitiy not sufficient
q.h. every hour
q.d. every day
q.i.d 4x a day
sig. patient directions such as route and timing of medicaton
sl sublingual
Created by: cs3516
 

 



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