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Adams HCHS AP Human Geo. Rubenstein Ch 13

agglomeration The spatial clustering of people and economic activities in a place, especially those that are related or interdependent
annexation Legally adding land area to a city in the United States
census tract An area delineated by the U.S. Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published; in urbanized area, census tracts corresponds roughly to neighborhoods
concentric zone model A model of internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings
council of government A cooperative agency consisting of representative local governments in a metropolitan area in the U.S.
density gradient The change in density in an urban area from the center periphery
edge city A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area
filtering A process of change in the use of a house, from single family occupancy to abandonment
gentrification A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner occupied area
greenbelt A ring of land maintained as parks agriculture, or other types of often space to limit the sprawl of urban area
metropolitan statistical area (MSA) In the U.S, a central city of at least 50,000 population, the country within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city
micropolitan statistical area An urbanized area of between 10,000 and 50,000 inhabitants, the county in which it is found, and adjacent counties tied to the city
multiple nuclei model A model of internal structure of cites in which social groups are arranged around a collection of notes of activities
peripheral model A model of north American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residences and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road
public housing Housing owned by the government, in the U.S, it is rented to residents with low income and the rents are set at 30 percent of the families incomes
redlining A process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to loan money to purchase or improve property with the boundaries
rush (or peak) hour The four consecutive 15 minutes periods in the morning and eveing with the heaviest volumes of traffic
sector model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors or wedges, radiating out from the CBD
smart growth Legislation and regulation to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland
sprawl The development of new housing sites at relatively low density and at locations that are not contagious to the existing built-up area
squatter settlement An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures
underclass A group in society prevented from participating in the material benefit of a more developed society because of a variety of social and economic characteristics
urbanization An increase in the percentage of people living in urban settlements
urbanized area In the US, a central city plus the contiguous built up suburbs
urban renewal A program in which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhood, acquire the property from private owners, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, build new roads and utilities, and turn land over to private developers
zone ordinance A law that limits the permitted use of land and maximum density of development in a community
Created by: flordaman