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Global Studies

The Middle Ages

TermDefinition
The Middles Ages Period of time in Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire and before the Renaissance
Feudalism Kings gave land away to nobles in return for their loyalty and
Knights nobles received land from the king and served as warriors on horseback
chivalry code of behavior that stressed loyalty and bravery
decentralized when kings gave away their power to nobles, who controlled their own areas
Land more land meant more wealth and power
manors areas of land owned by a noble
serf peasants who cannot leave the manor and perform farm labor for the noble who owns the land
Roman Catholic Church very wealthy and influential [POWERFUL] during the Middle Ages
Crusades Holy Wars (1100-1300) Christians fought to regain control of the Holy Land from the Muslims
Holy Land sacred area of the Middle East that includes the city of Jerusalem
Causes for the Crusades 1) Christians believed they would be forgiven for sins IF they fought FOR God 2)European Christians did not want Muslims controlling the Holy Land 3)Europeans hoped to gain wealth from the Middle East
Effects [RESULTS] of the Crusades 1)trade between Europe and Middle East increased 2)Europeans learned about achievements that Muslims made in art, math and science 3) Feudalism decreased [LESSENED] as nobles were killed and serfs escaped
Created by: dawn_pierson