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Global Studies

Age of Exploration and Discovery (1400-1600s)

TermDefinition
Age of Exploration period in history when Europeans began sea voyages of exploration
3 Reasons for Age of Exploration 1) Europeans wanted more Asian spices 2) to find sea routes to Asia 3) improvement in navigation made longer sailing trips possible
Bartholomeu Dias first explorer to sail around the Cape of Good Hope, Africa
Vasco da Gama First explorer to sail to India by going around the Cape of Good Hope
Christopher Columbus First person to sail to the Americas
Ferdinand Magellan First person to sail all the way around the globe or CIRCUMNAVGIATE
Effects of Age of Exploration some of its effects were slavery, encomiendas, death from disease, triangular trade and columbian exchange
Colonies lands controlled by countries far away
Encomienda System labor system where Native Americans were forced to work for Spanish landowners.
Middle Passage vayage slaves took from Africa to the Americas
Mercantilism idea that colonies exist to make money for the Mother country through sharing goods and money
Columbian Exchange exchange of people, plants and animals and technology between Europe and North and South America
Triangular Trade Europeans travel to Africa for slaves. The slaves travel to the Americas. Goods travel from the Americas back to Europe.
capitalism private businesses where profits are used to make more money
joint-stock companies investors buy stock and combine monies to help pay for trading projects
Created by: dawn_pierson