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flash card for appendix A

a-,an-,ana- no,not,without
ante- before, forward
anti- against
bi- two, double, both
brady- slow
contra- against, opposit
endo- within
epi- above, upon
gynec/o- women
hemi-, semi- half
hyper- above, excessive
hypo- below, deficient
inter- between
intra- within
mal- bad, poor, abnormal
neo- new
non- not
para- near, beside
per- through
peri- around, surrounding
poly- many, excessive
post- after
pre- before, in front of
retro behind, backward, upward
sub- below, under
syn- together, with
tachy fast
tri- three
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy surgical removal, excision
-emesis vomit
-emia blood
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
-lepsy seizure
-oid resembling, like
-(o)logist specialist in the study of
-(o)logy study of
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy creation of an opening
-otomy incision into
-pathy disease
-phobia abnormal fear
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
-rrhea flow, discharge
-sclerosis hardening
-stasis stop, control
abdomin/o abdomen
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
ather/o fat, fatty plaque
audi/o hearing, sound
aur/o ear
bronch/o bronchus
bucc/o cheek
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cerebr/o cerebrum
coagul/o clotting
cyst/o bladder, sac
cyt/o cell
derm/o, dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
gyn/o, gyn/e, gynec/o women
hemat/o, hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water
hyster/o uterus
immune/o protection
lip/o fat
lymph/o lymph
my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
narc/o sleep
nas/o nose
muc/o mucus
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ocul/o, ophtalm/o, opt/o eye
or/o mouth
oste/o bone
pancrea/o pancreas
phleb/o vein
phot/o light
pneum/o lungs, air
proct/o, rect/o rectum
psych/o, psych/i mind, soul
pulmon/o lungs
quadr/i four
ren/o, kidney
rhin/o nose
septi bacteria
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
trache/o trachea
urethr/o urethra
ven/o vein
cerebrospinal pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
cerebrovascular pertaining to the brain and blood vessels that supplies it
epidural above the duramater
epilepsy a dissorder of the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
meningitis inflammation of the meninges of the brain
neuralgia nerve pain
schizophrenia a type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality
bradycardia pertaining to a slow heart rate
cardiologist a physician who specialized in diseases of the heart
cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
endocardium membrane lining the cavities of the heart
hypertension high blood pressure
hypoxemia too little oxigen in the blood
myocardium heart muscle tissue
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
pericardium lining around the outside of the heart
tachycardia pertaining to fast heart rate
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
dyspnea difficult, painful, or faulty breathing
hypoxia a condition of deficient oxygen level
pharyngitis inflammation ofthe pharynx
pulmonologist specialist in the diseases of the lungs
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
spirometry measurement of breathing
stethoscope instrument used to listen to lungs and heart sounds through the chest wall
arthritis inflammation of the joint
bursitis inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac around joints
intramuscular pertaining to within the muscle
myalgia muscle pain
orthopedic pertaining to the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
tendinitis inflammation of the tendon
endocrinology study of the secreting glands that comprise the endocrine system
hyperglycemia too much sugar in the blood
hyperthyroidism condition of too much thyroid hormone
hypokalemia low blood potassium
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
autoimmune the disorder characterized by abnormal function of the immune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself
immunocompromised a condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents
leukemia a malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cell, or leukocytes
metastasis the spread of cancer cells beyond the original site of the tumor through blood or lymph
anemia a reduction in the number of red blood cells, humoglobin, or the volume of packed red blood cells
hematology medical study of the blood
myeloma tumor of the bone marrow
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the goll bladder
cirrhosis chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues
colonoscopy the process of viewing the colon
dyspepsia painful digestion
dysphagia pertaining to difficulty in eating or swallowing
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
gastroenterologist specialist in the study r treatment of the stomach and intestines
nasogastric pertaining to the nose and the stomach
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
nephrectomy surgical removal of a kidney
polyuria condition in which one urinates excessively
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvice area of the kidney
urologist physician who specializes in condition of the urinary system
conjenctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva
intraoculat pertaining to the inside of the eye
ophthalmologist specialist in diseases of the eye
optometry the process of measuring the eye
photophobia extream sensitivity and discomfort from light
myringitis inflammation of the tympanic membrane
otitis inflammation of the ear
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatologist specialist in the study of the diseases of skin
epidermal pertaining to on the skin
histology the study of tissues
percutaneous through the skin
subcutaneous pertaining to below the skin
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
mammogram an x-ray of the breast
obstetrics the speciality pertaining to the care and treatment of pregnant mother and the fetus, child birth and the first postpartum period
vasectomy excision of part of the vas deferens to produce male sterility
Created by: saba keshi