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Chapter 13

Lymphatic and Immune System

acquired active immunity resistance to disease acquired naturally or developed by previous exposure or vaccination
acquired passive immunity inoculation against disease or poison, using antitoxins or antibodies from or in another person or another species
anti body specialized protein that fights disease; also called immunoglobulin
antigen any substance that can provoke an immune resposne
antitioxin antibodies directed against particular disease or poison
b lymphocytes or b cells kind of lymphocyte that manufactures antibodies
cell mediated immunity resistance to disease mediated by t cells
cytotoxic cell t cell that helps in destruction of infected cells thru out body
gamma globulin antibodies given to prevent or lessen certain diseases
helper cell t cell that stimulates the immune response
humoral immunity resistance to disease provided by plasma cells and antibody production
immunity resistane to particular patohgens
immunization vaccination
immunoglobulin anitbody
interferon protein produced by t cells and other cells; destroys disease causing cells with its antiviral properties
interleukin protein produced by t cells; helps regualte immune system
lymph fluid that contains white blood cells and other substances and flows in lymphatic vessels
lymph node specialized organ that filters harmful substances from tissues and assists in immune response
lymphocytes white blood cells made in bone marrow that are crritical to bodys defense against disease and infection
macrophage special cell that devours foreign substances
microphage small phagocytic cell that devours foreign substances
natural immunity inherent resistance to disease found in species, race, family group, or certain individuals
pathogen disease causing agent
spleen organ of lymph system that filters and stores blood, removes ld rbc, and activates lmphocytes
plasma cell specialized lymphocyte that produces immunoglobulin
phagocytosis ingestion of foerign substances by specialized cells
supppressor cell t cell that suppresses b cells and other immune cells
t cells specialized wbc that reveice markers in thymus are responsible for cellular immunity and assist with humoral immunity
thymosin hormone secreteed by thymus gland that aids in distribution of thymocytes and lymphocytes
thymus gland soft gland with two lobes that is involved in immune responses; located in medistinum
vaccination injection of antigen from different organism to cause active immunity
vaccine antigen developed from different organism that causes active immunity in recipient
adeno gland
immuno immunity
lympho lymph
lymphadeno lymph nodes
lymphangio lymphatic vessels
spleno spleen
thymo thymus
toxo toxi toxico poison
aids acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
all acute lymphocytic leukemia
aml acute myelogenous leukemia
azt azidothmidine
cll chronic lymphocytic leukemia
hsv herpes simplex virus
iga immunglobulin a
igd immunglobulin d
ige immunoglobulin e
igg immunoglobulin g
cml chomic myelogenous leukemia
cmv cytomegalovirus
ebc epstein barr virus
eia elisa enzyme linnked immunosorbent assay
hiv human immunodefiency virus
igm immunoglobulin m
pcp pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
sle systemic lupus erythematosus
zdv zidovudine
enzyme linked immunosorbent assay test used to screen blood for presence of antibodies to different viruses or bacteria
western blot test primarily used to chek for antibodies to hiv serum
aids most widespread immunosuppressive disease; caused by hiv virus
allergen substance to which exposure causes and allergic response
allergy production of ige antibodies against allergen
anaphylaxis life threatening allergiv reaction
autoimmune disease any number of disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupu, and scleroderma caused by and autoimmune response
autoimmune resposne overacivity in immune stem against body causing destruction of ones own healthy cells
histiocytic lymphoma lymphoma with malignant cells that resemble histiocytes
hodgkin's lymphoma hodgkin's disease type o flymph cancer of uncertain orgin that generally appeasrs in early adult hood
hiv virus that causes aids; spread by sexual contact exhcnage of body fluids and shared use of needles
hypersensitivity abnormal reaction to allergen
hypersplenism overactive spleen
infectious mononucleosis acute infectious disease caused by epstein barr virus
immunosuppressive disease disease that flourishes because of lowered immune response
lymphadenopathy swollen lymph nodes
lyphocyti lymphoma lymphoma wiwth malignant cells that resemble llarge lymphocytes
metstasis spread of cancer from localized area
lymphoma cancer of lymph nodeas
non hodgkin's lymphoma cancer of lymph nodes with some cells resembling healthy cells and spreadin in diffuse pattern
opportunistic infection infection that takes hold because of lowered immune response
retrovirus type of virus that spreads by using body's DNA to help it replicate its RNA
sarcoidosis inflammatory condition with lesions on lymph nodes and other organs
splenomegaly enlarged spleen
thymoma tumor of thymus gland
lymphadenectomy removal of lymph node
lymphadenotomy incision into lymph node
lymph node dissection removal of cancerous node for microscopic exmination
splenectomy removal of spleen
thymecotmy removal of thymus gland
antiviral (aids) to block virus growth
antimicroorganism agent (Aids) to prevent pcp
Created by: cs3516