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C9 The Greek World

Review for C9 Test

Cyrus the Great is considered the founder of which empire? The Persian Empire
He organized the Persian empire into 20 provinces. Darius
What did Xerxes I and Darius have in common? both wanted to conquer the Greeks
Which of the following best describes the Persian army? strong and well organized
From an early age, Spartan boys were trained to be soldiers
Athenians believed that studying ____________ made people better citizens. arts (e.g. literature, philosophy, music)
Spartan women also received physical training. Like the men, they learned how to run, jump, wrestle, and throw javelins. What conclusion can you draw about Spartan women? They were strong and healthy
What might have happened in Sparta if its army had become weak? Slaves would have staged a rebellion
What caused the Peloponnesian War to begin Greek cities feared Athens would control Greece
What was the result of the Peloponnesian War? Sparta became the most powerful city-state in Greece
What was the relationship between Philip II and Alexander the Great? Philip was Alexander's father
Which best describes Alexander the Great? He enjoyed being a military commander
Alexander the Great died at the age of 33 after he got sick in Babylon
Why did Alexander the Great spread Greek culture throughout his empire? he admired and enjoyed Greek culture and ideas
What happened to Alexander’s empire after he died? It was divided into three kingdoms
The Parthenon is a famous Greek building
Early Greek philosophers were important because they were the first people to consider explanations for events other than that they were the works of the gods.
The spread of _________________ culture brought Greek customs to new parts of the world. Hellenistic
Because people were upset by his ideas, _________________ was arrested and sentenced to death. Socrates
___________________ taught Alexander the Great. Aristotle
The most important aspect of life in Sparta was ___________________. preparing for battle
___________________ was a great mathematician. Euclid
A a unit of soldiers mounted on horses. cavalry
Persian king who allowed conquered people to keep their own customs. Cyrus the Great
An agreement to work together. alliance
He named many cities after himself. Alexander the Great
He had roads built to connect his empire. Darius
Darius’s son who wanted to capture Greece. Xerxes
The greatest Greek doctor. Hippocrates
Governors of Persian provinces. satraps
A religion based on the battle between good and evil. Zoroastrianism
A group of warriors standing close together in a square. phalanx
Clear and ordered thinking. reasoning
Took place in a narrow strait in the sea. Battle of Salamis
The Athenians won this battle without the help of the Spartans. Battle of Marathon
The Athenians beat the Persians by sinking their ships. Battle of Salamis
A traitorous Greek soldier helped the Persians. Battle of Thermopylae
At the end of this war a Greek messenger ran a long distance to announce the win. Battle of Marathon
The Persians won this battle and then burned the city of Athens. Battle of Thermopylae
This battle is famous for having 300 Spartans who fought on the front lines. Battle of Thermopylae
Had an oligarchy Sparta
Had a democracy Athens
Women had almost no rights in this city-state Athens
Daily life was dominated by the army in this city-state Sparta
This city-state had a strong navy Athens
Men in this city-state served two years in the military Athens
Men in this city-state served in the military until they were 60 Sparta
Boys in this city-state were encouraged to steal food, but not get caught Sparta
This city-state is the location of the Parthenon Athens
Created by: Ms.Pendleton