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Unit 18

TermDefinition
Istanbul Formerly called Constantinople. Capital of the Ottoman Empire. Strategically located for trade.
Ottoman Empire Controlled territory stretching from Eastern Europe to western Asia. Controlled many of the sea trade routes as well as the overland routes from Europe to India. One of the reasons Europe explored new trade routes (Age of Exploration)
Gunpowder Empire term used to describe the Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal (Mogul) Empires. These empires used firearms to effectively conquer and control their empires
Taj Mahal Built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a monument to his third wife. Good example of cultural diffusions because it blends Islamic, Persian, Indian and Ottoman architecture. Also, remember: Art and architecture reflects the beliefs/values of society
Mughal (Mogul) Empire Name for the Mongol-descended empire that controlled much of present-day India and Pakistan.
Shah Jahan One of the rulers of the Mughal Empire. Responsible for building the Taj Mahal.
Absolutism Form of government where a stong leader has total power. Examples: Suleiman I, Elizabeth I, Peter the Great, Louis XIV, Philip II, Ivan the Terrible
Suleiman I Absolute ruler of the Ottoman Empire. Also called the Magnificent or the Lawgiver. Was the political and military leader (sultan) as well as the religious leader (caliph) of his empire.
Akbar the Great Absolute rule of the Mughal Empire at its height. Promoted religious tolerance.
Created by: mrfordglobal