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Adams HCHS AP Human Geo. Rubenstien Ch 12

basic industries Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
business services Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services.
central place A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
central place theory explains the distributions of services, settlements serve as centers of market areas for services with larger settlements having a greater threshold and range.
city-state A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
clustered rural settlement A settlement in which the houses of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the homes.
dispersed rural settlement A settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than a close grouping.
consumer services Retail, education, health, and leisure services.
economic base A community’s collection of basic industries.
enclosure movement The process of consolidating small farms into large farms in England during the 18th century.
gravity model States that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
market area (hinterland) The area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place’s goods and services.
nonbasic industries Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
primate city The largest settlement in a country, has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
public services Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses.
range (of a service) The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
rank-size rule A pattern of settlements in a country such that the nth largest settlement is 1/nth the population of the largest settlement.
threshold The minimum number of people needed to support the service.
urbanization An increase in the number of people living in urban settlements.
service Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
Created by: flordaman
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