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All of SW Asia

TermDefinition
Desalination removing salt from salt water to make drinking water
Water Rights agreements between countries about how water from rivers is used and shared
Monotheism belief in 1 god
Five Pillars 5 main beliefs of Islam
Kurds ethnic group in Syria, Turkey, and Iraq
Arabs largest ethnic group in SW Asia
Persians ethnic group located in Iran
Ethnic Group a group of people that have a shared culture and history
Strait of Hormuz connects the Persian Gulf with the Arabian Sea
Suez Canal connects the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea
Religious Group group of people that share the same beliefs
Moses led Hebrews out of Egypt
Abraham founder of Judaism; prophet of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity
Jesus founder of Christianity
Muhammad founder of Islam
Judaism – Who was the founder; What are followers called; What is the holy book? Abraham; Jews; Torah
Christianity – Who was the founder; What are followers called; What is the holy book? Jesus; Christians; Bible
Islam – Who was the founder; What are followers called; What is the holy book? Muhammad; Muslims; Qu’ran
What river do Syria, Israel, and Jordan share? Jordan River
How has building dams on rivers in Southwest Asia caused problems between countries that share the rivers? Countries downriver from the dam receive less water.
What are the two valuable natural resources used for energy found in SW Asia? Oil and natural gas
How much of the world’s oil supply is found in SW Asia? 50%
How has the discovery of oil affected the economy of those countries? Countries that have large oil deposits enjoy higher standards of living.
Countries located around which body of water have the most oil reserves? Persian Gulf
Most cities in SW Asia are located near what? Rivers
What is the climate like in SW Asia? Desert (hot and dry)
Much of SW Asia is what type of geographic feature? desert
What basic belief made Christianity different from Judaism? The belief that Jesus is the Messiah.
What are the two main branches of Islam? What issue led to the split in Islam? Shia and Sunni; they disagreed over who should lead the Muslim community after the death of Muhammad
Which river has caused conflict in Southwest Asia because of water rights? Euphrates River
What is the difference between a religious group and an ethnic group; What are three examples of each in Southwest Asia? Ethnic groups are people that share similar history and culture; three examples are Persians, Arabs, and Kurds. Religious groups are people that share similar beliefs; three examples are Christians, Jews, and Muslims.
What is OPEC? What is the purpose of OPEC? Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; the purpose is control the oil supply in the world.
How has the presence of oil in some Southwest Asian countries affected the standard of living? Countries that have large oil deposits enjoy higher standards of living than countries without oil deposits.
Anti-Semitism discrimination against Jews
Holocaust the mass murder of millions of Jews and other people during WWII
Zionism the belief that Jews should have a country in their ancient homeland (Israel)
Taliban group of radical Muslims that controlled the government of Afghanistan
Saddam Hussein the dictator of Iraq during the Persian Gulf War and Operation Iraqi Freedom
T. E. Lawrence A British soldier that served as a link between the Arabs and British during WWI
What did the British promise the Arabs in exchange for revolting against the Ottoman Empire? Gold and land
Which modern day country has the descendants of the Ottoman Empire? Turkey
What happened to the Ottoman Empire at the end of WWI? The empire collapsed and the land was divided between the winning European countries.
How have the borders drawn by European countries caused problems in the former Ottoman Empire? The borders were drawn without considering ethnic groups or historical borders, which has led to conflict.
Why did the British want land in SW Asia? oil
Who created Israel in 1948? Why? The United Nations created Israel as a result of Zionism and the Holocaust.
How did Palestinians react to the creation of Israel? Who are their allies? The Palestinians were angry, and the other Arab countries in SW Asia allied with them.
What happened right after Israel was created? What was the result? Palestinians and other Arab countries attacked Israel. Israel won and gained more land.
What caused the Persian Gulf War? Iraq invaded Kuwait in order to gain access to the Persian Gulf.
How was the US involved in the Persian Gulf War? The US sided with Kuwait and fought against Iraq.
Why were UN inspectors sent to Iraq? To make sure Iraq destroyed their weapons of mass destruction
Why did the US begin Operation Iraqi Freedom? The US saw Iraq as a threat to the US and its interests in the Middle East.
Why did the US invade Afghanistan? The government of Afghanistan supported al Qaeda, which launched the September 11, 2001 attacks.
Who was the leader of al Qaeda when the September 11 attacks occurred? Osama bin Laden
Put the 3 recent wars in SW Asia in order. Persian Gulf War; US Invasion of Afghanistan; Operation Iraqi Freedom
Autocracy One person has total power
Oligarchy A small group of people rule
Democracy Citizens have the right to vote for their leaders
Presidential Democracy Citizens vote for president; the president is both the head of state and head of government
Parliamentary Democracy Citizens elect members to parliament, members of parliament select the prime minister; the prime minister is the head of government
Unitary The central government has control
Confederation Independent countries have the power and agree to give a little to the central government
Federal Power is divided between federal, regional, and local governments
Theocracy Government ruled by a religious leader
Absolute Monarchy King or Queen has total power
Constitutional Monarchy King or Queen's power is limited by a constitution
Head of Government Leader of the government that runs the government
Head of State Government leader that has ceremonial duties and little power
Dictatorship One person rules by force, often relying on the military
Government in Saudi Arabai Absolute Monarchy
Government in Israel Parliamentary Democracy
Government in Iran Islamic Republic
Distribution of Power in Israel Unitary
Distribution of Power in Saudi Arbia Unitary
Distribution of Power in Iran Unitary
Citizen participation in Israel Democracy
Citizen participation in Iran Oligarchy
Citizen participation in Saudi Arabia Autocracy
Sharia Law Law based on the laws of Islam; practiced in Iran, Saudi Arabia, and many other Southwest Asian countries
Head of Government in Israel Prime Minister
Head of Government in Saudi Arabia King
Head of Government in Iran Ayatollah
GDP Gross Domestic Product; the total value of goods and services produced in a country in a year
4 Factors of Economics Growth Entrepreneurship, human capital, capital goods, natural resources
Entrepreneurship A person willing to risk their time and money in a new product or improved product
Human Capital The value of a person's skills and education
Capital Goods Goods used to make other goods
Natural Resources Gifts from the Earth
Specialization When countries focus on producing what they can produce easily and trade for what they need
Interdependence When countries rely on each other for goods and services; usually a result of specialization
Market Economy Supply and demand determine what is produced, how much is produced, and for whom it is produced
Command Economy The government determines what is produced, how much is produced, and for whom it is produced.
Traditional Economy Traditions and customs determine what is produced, how much is produced, and for whom it is produced.
Mixed Economy A combination of government and supply and demand control economic decisions
Scarcity When there is not enough of a good
Surplus When there is more than needed of a good
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; controls the price of oil in the world by controlling the supply
Export Goods that are sent out of the country to another
Import Goods that are brought into a country from another
Quota A limit on imports
Tariff A tax on imports
Embargo A refusal to trade with a country
The higher the literacy rate.... the higher the standard of living
Israel is specialized in... cutting diamonds, technology, and minerals
Saudi Arabia and Iran specialize in.... Oil and natural gas
Saudi Arabia, Israel, and Turkey all have which type of economic system? Mixed Economy
How has not having natural resources impacted Israel's economy? Israel has to spend a lot money importing natural resources.
How is OPEC able to control the price of oil in the world? By controlling the supply
The higher the supply of oil.... the lower the price.
The lower the supply of oil... the higher the price.
Created by: MsBentley