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Age of Absolutism

Unit 17 - Age of Absolutism

TermDefinition
Peter the Great Absolute ruler who is responsible for the Westernization of Russia and desire to gain warm-water ports
Louis XIV French absolute monarch who, during his 72 year reign, centralized power by eliminating the office of the prime minister, building the Palace of Versailles, etc.
Elizabeth I Absolute monarch of England responsible for the death of Mary, Queen of Scots, known for never marrying, and the defeat of the Spanish Armada
John Locke philospher who believed that people could be trusted to govern themselves (democracy) and people had the right to revolt against the government if the government violated their rights.
Thomas Hobbes Philospher who thought that absolute monarchy was the best form of government to create order. Believed the government should be strong to prevent revolt.
Age of Absolutism Period of time where monarchs (kings and queens) of Europe worked to centralize their power.
Divine Right Theory that supported absolutism. The idea that a king's power comes from God and that kings are God's lieutenant on earth
Glorious Revolution the bloodless "revolution" that led to William and Mary ruling England agreeing to limit their power.
Westernization the adoption of western ideas, products, customs, etc.
Constitutional Monarchy Form of government in which a monarch's power is limited by a constitution
Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Petition of Right, Parliament Documents that limited the power of the English monarch.
Created by: mrfordglobal