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MED101 Chapter 5

The Human Body: An Orientation

QuestionAnswer
Abdominal Cavity The space within the abdominal walls between the diaphragm and the pelvic area
Anterior or Ventral The front of a structure
Blood system Includes blood and all its components
Body Cavity Any space in the human body that contain organs
Cardiovascular system the network of anatomical structures including heart and blood vessels that circulate blood throughout the body
Cell The fundamental unit of all living tissue
Connective tissue Tissue that supports and binds other body tissue and parts
Coronal plane any of the vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet
Cranial cavity The cavity of the skull containing the brain and other tissue
Deep Through or away from the surface
Diaphragm A dome-shaped musculofibrous partition that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
Digestive system The organs, structures, and accessory glands of the digestive tube of the body through which food passes from the mouth to the esophagus, stomach and intestines.
Distal away from or the farthest from a point of origin or attachment
Dorsal Cavity is on the back side of the body and is divided into two cavities, the cranial and spinal cavities
Endocrine system the network of ductless glands and other structures that elaborate and secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
Epigastric region the part of the abdomen in the upper zone between the right and left hypochondriac regions
Epithelial tissue a closely packed single or stratified layer of cells covering the body and lining its cavities
Frontal Plane any of the vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet
Hypochondriac Regions the part of the abdomen in the upper zone of both sides of the epigastric region and beneath the cartilages of the lower ribs
Hypogastric region the most inferior part of the abdomen in the lower zone between the right and left inguinal regions and below the umbilical region
Iliac or inguinal region the part of the abdomen surrounding the inguinal canal in the lower zone on both sides of the pubic region
Inferior situated below a given point of reference
integumentary system the skin and its appendages, hair, nails, and sweat and sebaceous glands
Lateral Plane To the side, horizontal
Left lower quadrant Contains parts of the intestines and parts of the reproductive organs in females
Left Upper quadrant contains the stomach, spleen and parts of the liver, pancreas and intestines
Lumbar regions the part of the abdomen in the middle zone on both sides of the umbilical region
Lymphatic and immune system complex network of capillaries, thin vessels, valves, ducts, nodes, and organs that help protect and maintain the internal fluid environment of the body
Medial pertaining to the midline of the body
Midsagittal plane a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left halves and passes approximately through the sagittal suture of the skull
Muscle tissue is able to contract and expand allowing the body to move
Musculoskeletal system all the muscles bones joints and related structures; that function in the movement of the body parts and organs
Nerve one or more bundles of impulse carrying fibers that connect to the brain and spinal cord with other parts of the body
Nervous system the extensive, intricate network of structures that activates, coordinates, and controls all the functions of the body
Nervous tissue carries messages to and from the brain and spinal cord from all parts of the body
Organ The basic element of the human body
Pelvic Cavity the bottom portion of the abdominal cavity
Posterior or Dorsal is on the back side of the body and is divided into two cavities, the cranial and spinal cavities
Prone having a tendency or inclination
Proximal nearer to a point of reference or attachment usually the trunk of the body
Reproductive system the male and female gonads, associated ducts and glands, and external genitalia the function in the procreation of offspring
Respiratory System the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between ambient air and blood circulating through the lungs
Right Lower Quadrant is the abdominal area that contains the appendix, parts of the intestines, and parts of the reproductive organs in females
Right Upper Quadrant Area of the abdominal that contains parts of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and intestinal tract
Sagittal or Lateral Plane To the side, horizontal
Sensory System Covers the eyes and ears and those parts of other systems that are involved in the reaction of the five senses
Spinal Cavity holds the spinal cord
superficial pertaining to the surface
superior situated above or oriented toward a higher place
supine position of the arms or body in which the palms of the hand face upward
system a collection or assemblage of parts that make a whole
thoracic cavity the cavity enclosed by the ribs
tissue a collection of similar cells in a matrix acting together to perform a particular function
transverse plane any one of the planes cutting across the body perpendicular to the sagittal and the frontal planes
umbilical region the part of the abdomen surrounding the umbilicus, the middle zone between the right and left lateral regions
Urinary system all organs and ducts involved in the secretion and elimination of urine from the body
Ventral cavity Front side of the body
Created by: terascadden