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Agri. & Rural Land..

TermDefinition
Primary Economic Activities those activities where natural resources are extracted from the earth. Ex: Fishing, mining and farming.
Extensive vs. Intensive Agriculture Extensive is an agricultural production system that uses small inputs of labor, fertilizers, and capital, relative to the land area being farmed. Intensive is the opposite.
The Boserup Hypothesis Population growth compels subsistence farmers to consider new farming approaches that produce enough food to take care of the additional people.
Commercial Agriculture Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm.
Agriculture The deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth's surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance of economic gain.
Capital-Intensive Vs. Labor-Intensive Agriculture labor intensive means use of manpower in production with little of technology while capital intensive means use of technology in production of a unit of output
Industrial Revolution's Effect on Agriculture Farming produced more goods and needed fewer people.
Commercial Livestock Production devotes nearly all land area to growing crops but derives more than three fourths of its income from the sale of animal products.
Origins of Agriculture Originated when humans domesticated plants and animals for their use.
Intensive Subsistence Agriculture A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.
The Green Revolution The introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity.
Commercial Grain Farming sell their output to manufacturers of food products.
Hunting and Gathering Societies that rely primarily or exclusively on hunting wild animals, fishing, and gathering wild fruits, berries, nuts, and vegetables to support their diet.
Extensive Subsistence Agriculture consists of any agricultural economy in which the crops and/or animals are used nearly exclusively for local or family consumption on large areas of land and minimal labor input per acre
Negative Impacts of the Green Revolution Disparity in consumption of fertilizers, destruction of useful microorganisms, insects and worms in soil, Imbalance in nutrient status, Environmental degradation, and Pollution with heavy metals and pesticide chemicals
Tropical Plantations usually large farm or estate, on which cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, or the like is cultivated, usually by resident laborers. the establishment of a colony or new settlement.
Fertile Crescent crescent-shaped region containing the comparatively moist and fertile land of otherwise arid and semi-arid Western Asia, and the Nile Valley and Nile Delta of northeast Africa.
Transhumance The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
Maladaptive Diffusion diffusion of an idea or innovation that is not suitable for the environment in which it diffused into (e.g., New England-style homes in Hawaii, or Ranch-style homes in northeast US).
Mixed and Specialty Crop Farming market gardens produce mixed and specialty crops. Truck farming involves large-scale production of particular fruits or vegetables for sale in climate regions where that particular product cannot be grown
Created by: 10008699
 

 



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