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Agri. & Rural Land..
|Primary Economic Activities
|those activities where natural resources are extracted from the earth. Ex: Fishing, mining and farming.
|Extensive vs. Intensive Agriculture
|Extensive is an agricultural production system that uses small inputs of labor, fertilizers, and capital, relative to the land area being farmed. Intensive is the opposite.
|The Boserup Hypothesis
|Population growth compels subsistence farmers to consider new farming approaches that produce enough food to take care of the additional people.
|Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm.
|The deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth's surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance of economic gain.
|Capital-Intensive Vs. Labor-Intensive Agriculture
|labor intensive means use of manpower in production with little of technology while capital intensive means use of technology in production of a unit of output
|Industrial Revolution's Effect on Agriculture
|Farming produced more goods and needed fewer people.
|Commercial Livestock Production
|devotes nearly all land area to growing crops but derives more than three fourths of its income from the sale of animal products.
|Origins of Agriculture
|Originated when humans domesticated plants and animals for their use.
|Intensive Subsistence Agriculture
|A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.
|The Green Revolution
|The introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity.
|Commercial Grain Farming
|sell their output to manufacturers of food products.
|Hunting and Gathering
|Societies that rely primarily or exclusively on hunting wild animals, fishing, and gathering wild fruits, berries, nuts, and vegetables to support their diet.
|Extensive Subsistence Agriculture
|consists of any agricultural economy in which the crops and/or animals are used nearly exclusively for local or family consumption on large areas of land and minimal labor input per acre
|Negative Impacts of the Green Revolution
|Disparity in consumption of fertilizers, destruction of useful microorganisms, insects and worms in soil, Imbalance in nutrient status, Environmental degradation, and Pollution with heavy metals and pesticide chemicals
|usually large farm or estate, on which cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, or the like is cultivated, usually by resident laborers. the establishment of a colony or new settlement.
|crescent-shaped region containing the comparatively moist and fertile land of otherwise arid and semi-arid Western Asia, and the Nile Valley and Nile Delta of northeast Africa.
|The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
|diffusion of an idea or innovation that is not suitable for the environment in which it diffused into (e.g., New England-style homes in Hawaii, or Ranch-style homes in northeast US).
|Mixed and Specialty Crop Farming
|market gardens produce mixed and specialty crops. Truck farming involves large-scale production of particular fruits or vegetables for sale in climate regions where that particular product cannot be grown