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Cold War

Cold War Terms and Names 2014 Franchetti

TermDefinition
Cold War Political tension after World War 11 between the US and Soviet Union
Satellites A nation politically dominated by another
The Iron Curtain A political Barrier isolating Eastern Bloc countries and Western Bloc countries.
Containment Truman administration policy designed to prevent the spread of communism
Marshall Plan A European aid program that restores the confidence of European people in the economic future of their own countries. USSR did not join.
NATO North Atlantic Treaty organization between Belgium, GB, Canada , Denmark, Luxembourg, Netherlands Portugal, US, Greece, Turkey, W. Germ. Agreement= "Attack one is like attacking all"
Warsaw Pact Alliance between USSR and the eastern European satellites in response to NATO. Purpose= strengthen soviet hold on satellites.
Peaceful Coexistence Khrushchev policy in which the Soviet Union competed with the US but avoided war/open confrontation.
Dissidents People who criticize, disagree with, or oppose government policy.
De-Stalinization A reversal of Stalin's policy (but kept five year plan and collective farming)
Josip Broz Tito Popular Leader of Yugoslavia who was communist but resisted soviet domination. Led resistance against Nazis and was equally nationalist and communist.
Brezhnev Doctrine The principle that was basis for relations between USSR and satellites for 20 years consisting of the government declaring soviets right to intervene in communist states to counter anti-communist uprisings.
Welfare State A social system in which the state assumes responsibility for the well-being of its citizens.
Clement Attlee Prime minister of Britains new labour party. He continued War time restrictions to improve economy.
Charles de Gaulle leader of the French resistance in ww11, called from retirement head emergency government. Created fifth French republic by creating a people-elected presidency. "Gaullist union" Allowed free African colonies.
Konrad Adenauer The leader of Christian democracies in western Germany, who created first w. Germany government. Capitalist economy. Strong leader devoted to western alliance, European unity and reunification of Germany.
Common Market France, Italy, W. ermany, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg all signed treaty of Rome creating Common Market AKA European Economic Community which abolished tarrifs and formed a single economic market.
domino theory the belief that if one nation becomes communist, nearby nations will also become communist.
Boat People Refugees from southeast asia who fled the area in crowded, often un-seaworthy, boats from 1975-1979
Détente The lessening of tensions between the US and USSR in 1972
Glasnost Referrring to the Soviet Policy of openness and freedom of expression under Gorbachev
Perestroika "Restructuring" Referring to the rebuilding of the soviet economy and society under Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev he freed Sakharov from exile in gorki. to transform society he exposed hidden problems of the society. Rebuilt Soviet Economy. "Quality instead of quantity" Limited power of Communism.
Boris Yeltsin Rival of Gorbachev. Perestroika "moving too slow" won election to presidency of Russian Republic. Commonwealth of Independent States took the place of the USSR. No more USSR!
Stalemate a situation in which further action by either of two opponents is impossible; deadlock
Developing country a poor, mostly agricultural nation with a very low gross domestic product. Ex: India, Thailand
Developed Country A nation with a high level of industrialization. Ex: Japan, Australia
Macarthur Head of the Supreme Command of the Allied Powers which governed Japan after world war 1. Determined not to plant seeds of future war.
George C. Marshall Secretary of state in the US who decided that the US would take the place in defending the eastern Mediterranean from communism when GB had to drop out.
Chiang Kai-Shek Leader of Western-Backed nationalist forces, who lost, retreated to the island of Taiwan with 2 million others, where they established The Republic of China at Taipei.
Breshnev Communist leader who kept strong grip on the soviet society and bloc. Sought closer ties to the west. Foreign policy was détente.
Protectionism The use of trade quotas, tariffs, or other methods of restricting trade for the purpose of helping industries in the home country.
Created by: raincloud128