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health ch. 5 test

QuestionAnswer
muscular pouch that holds liquid waste bladder
a by product of alcohol breakdown which poisons the liver cells acetaldehyde
fat tissue that stores surplus energy adipose tissue
a thirty foot long pathway food travels through the body alimentary canal
a yellowish-green or brown liquid produced by your liver , contains bile salts bile
the first section of the small intestines duodenum
protein molecules that are designed to make chemical reactions in your body to occur very rapidly enzymes
the structure that keeps food from entering the trachea (windpipe) epiglottis
THE TUBE THAT LEADS FROM YOUR MOUTH TO YOUR STOMACH ESOPHAGUS
eliminates wastes of metabolism excretory system
excess fat which accumulates in the liver fatty liver
remaining solid waste forms that will be removed by the bowels feces
a pear shaped sac situated under your liver, is also a storage area for bile which releases to help digest fat gall bladder
form when bile becomes stagnant and concentrated in the gallbladder. These small painful crystals are made of cholesterol gallstones
regulates the amount of sugar in the blood glucose
a high level of glucose in the blood hyperglycemia
filter the blood, about the size of your fist, we have two in our body kidneys
the process by which the body produces and uses energy from food metabolism
an elongated, slightly fattened organ, lies behind the stomach and this secretes digestive juices pancreas
the involuntary muscle contractions of the smooth muscles involved in swallowing peristalsis
the organ of the digestive system in which most digestion occurs small intestine
the first stop food makes after leaving your mouth; it is a food-storing organ which lies in the upper left part of your abdominal cavity stomach
liquid waste urine
hairlike tubes which cover the inside of the small intestine and they receive the digested food villi
why should we watch what we eat/appetite? so we can maintain proper/good health
what's the difference between EATING TO LIVE/ LIVING TO EAT? eating 2 live- is when you eat healthy food to live living to eat- is when you eat junk food and unhealthy things
how does alcohol severely damage the liver? the acetaldehyde poisons the liver cells and also it goes through fatty liver then cirrhoisis over time
what are the 2 hormones from the Islets of Langerhans that regulate the amount of sugar in the blood Insulin and glucagon *(IG)
what are 3 basic eating habits? eat slowly chew food completely stop eating when you are full drink plenty of water