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Chapter 8 Quiz

Lesson 4 & 5

QuestionAnswer
Who was Clovis? -King of the Franks that stretched from Pyrenees in southwest in German lands (modern day France and western Germany) -Strong military leader -First to convert to Catholic Christianity
What was wergild? "money for a man" the value of a person in money, depending on social status; in Germanic Society, a fine is paid by a wrongdoer to the family of the person he/she had injured or killed
What were the governments like in the Roman territories under Ostrogoth (Italy) and Visigoth (Spain) like? -Kept the Roman structure of government -Excluded Romans from holding power in office (Germanic warriors dominated the native population)
What was the Germanic Society like? -crucial social bond was family esp.-males were dominant & made all the important decisions-Woman obeyed the father until married & then fell under legal domination of her husband-Family provided protection-Family concepts affected the law-law is personal
What was the Hippodrome? a huge amphitheater constructed of brick covered by marble holding between 40,000 and 60,000 spectators; gladiator fights were held there, main events were chariot races; loss of races in the Hippodrome would usually result in bloody riots
What were the areas conquered by Justinian? Spain, North Africa, Asia Minor, Palestine, Syria, Arabian Peninsula, & Italy
What was the missi dominici people that limited the counts (German Nobles) power (messenger of the lord king)-two men sent to local districts to ensure count carried out wishes-Set up by Charlemagne
What was the official language and religion of the Byzantine Empire? Language: Greek Religion: Christianity
What was Justinian’s most lasting achievement? The Codification of Roman Law-simplified Roman Laws to Body of Laws (Justinian Code)-Basis of the imperial law in Eastern Roman Empire-Written in Latin-Used in the West-Basis for much legal system in Europe
Who was Charlemagne? -united a large part of the Western Europe&forced Christianity on the people he conquered bringing the North Spain&Italy, France, Germany, and Poland under one faith-basis of the Holy Roman Empire-protected Papacy (Pope)-Centralized Rule
What did Charlemagne promote during his empire? Promoted learning & educated the Catholic Clergy & government officials & promoted Christianity
What happened after Charlemagne's death? His kingdom was divided among his three heirs in the Treaty of Verdun (843 AD)
What was the Treaty of Verdun (843 AD was the first of the treaties that divided the Carolingian Empire into three kingdoms among the three heirs of Charlemagne
What was the Carolingian Renaissance? an intellectual revival or rebirth which involved renewed interest in Latin Culture and classical works (Roman & Greek)
What were some characteristics of the Early Middle Ages? (500-1000) disruption of trade, decline of cities, decline of learning, rise of feudalism, frequent wars, no central political authority (rays of light: Justinian in the east, Charlemagne and the Church in the west)
What was the Middle Ages period between the ancient world and the modern world; 500-1453 broken up between Early/Dark Middle Ages, High Middle Ages, and Late Middle Ages
Tell something about Constantinople. -Justinian rebuilt it-Appearence would keep for thousands of years-Population estimated at hundreds of thousands;largest city in medival europe-Center of the empire and Christian City-Greatest center of commerance during Middle Ages
Tell something about Constantinople. -Cheif center of exchange products between East and West-Important raw materials were used for local industries-Dominated by immense palace complex-Hundreds of churches were there as well as the Hippdrome-Citizens were pasionate fans of chariot races
What was the Eastern Orthodox Church? -outlawed icons as idoltary-unwilling to accept the Pope's claim to be the sole head of the church-Excommunicated with other churches and took away other membership
What was the Byzantine Empire's biggest problem in the 11th century? The biggest problem was Islamic invasions when (at same time) the churches split Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church
Who was the Seljuk Turks? First Turks to attack The Empire-it leads to crusades (weaken byzantine empire)
Who were the Ottoman Turks? Turks that later attacked the Byzantine Empire and "finish off" The Empire (Byzantine Empire Fell)
What led to the fall of the Byzantine Empire? 1. weakened by attacks 2. low on money 3.plague
What happened to the Byzantine Empire after Justinian (problems)? invasions, lack of money, #1 problem rise of Islams'
What was Manzikert? the place the Seljuk Turks first attack causing emperor to call the pope for help
What was the Schism of 1054? When the churches of Rome (Catholic Roman Church) and Byzantine Empire (Othodox Church) break up for good
Created by: sossenkopp