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Unit 2 - 9th

Unit 2 - First Civilizations (required)

TermDefinition
architecture buildings
agriculture farming
Ancient Egypt (geography, achievements) Civilization that developed along the Nile River and had deserts as natural barriers. It built the pyramids and hieroglyphics.
city-state city and surrounding area
Code of Hammurabi code of law based on "an eye for an eye"
civilization a society with a organized government, religion, writing, advances in arts/literature/science/mathematics
clergy church leaders
cultural diffusion spreading of goods and ideas
domesticate to tame animals
famine hunger due to lack of crops growing
hieroglyphics Egyptians writing
Huang He River Located in China, also known as the Yellow River
Indus River Located in India
irrigation bringing water to the crops
merchant person who buys and sells goods
Mesopotamia (geography, achievements) Known as the Fertile Crescent. Developed along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Had few natural barriers leading to invasions. Developed ziggurats and cuneiform.
monsoon seasonal winds of India that bring a lot of rain
mummification Used by Egyptians to preserve the dead
natural barriers geographic features that split 2 areas apart, ex: mountains, deserts, oceans
Neolithic Revolution (characteristics) Period when humans settle down along river valleys, farm, and domesticate animals
Nile River Located in Egypt. Annual floods create fertile soil
nomad person that travels from place to place
Old Stone Age (characteristics) Period when humans are hunters and gatherers, nomadic, use stone tools, and use cave paintings
peasant poor farmer
pharaoh Egyptian leader
polytheistic (polytheism) belief in many gods
pyramids structures built in Egypt for dead pharaohs
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers Located in Mesopotamia. Annual floods provide fertile land
ziggurat step shaped pyramid build by Sameria in Mesopotamia
Created by: Moschak